ASTM D1533 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    Active Standard ASTM D1533 | Developed by Subcommittee: D27.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Electrical characteristics of an insulating liquid may be affected deleteriously by excessive water content. A high water content may make a dielectric liquid unsuitable for some electrical applications due to deterioration of properties such as the dielectric breakdown voltage.

    4.2 These tests are suitable for use in acceptance specifications, in control of processing, and in evaluating the condition of dielectric liquids in service.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of water present in insulating liquids by coulometric Karl Fischer titration. This test method is used commonly for test specimens below 100 % relative saturation of water in oil. The coulometric test method is known for its high degree of sensitivity (typically 10 μg H2O). This test method requires the use of equipment specifically designed for coulometric titration.

    1.2 This test method recommends the use of commercially available coulometric Karl Fischer titrators and reagents.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practice and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements see 8.1 and A2.1.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

    IEC Standard

    IEC 60814: Insulating Liquids--Oil-Impregnated Paper and Pressboard--Determination of Water by Automatic Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036-8002.

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D1533-12

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1533-12, Standard Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012,

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