ASTM D1387 - 89(2019)

    Standard Test Method for Saponification Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes

    Active Standard ASTM D1387 | Developed by Subcommittee: D21.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is used to determine the property of ester functionality. Ester functionality determines the utility of the wax as well as being a significant quality control test.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the saponification number of synthetic waxes and natural waxes.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to Fischer Tropsche, microcrystalline, polyethylene, and Montan Ester waxes.

    1.3 Certain synthetic waxes, notably copolymers of ethylene, exhibit poor reproducibility when running saponification values. Reproducibility can be improved if cooking time in 7.2 is extended from 3 h to 18–20 h.

    1.4 Some oxidized polyethylene and other waxes with a melt temperature above 100°C may give poor reproducibility.

    1.5 Some dark-colored (Gardner Color 14) waxes may obscure the color change of the indicator, resulting in poor reproducibility.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12181501(Synthetic waxes); 12181502(Natural waxes)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D1387-89R19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1387-89(2019), Standard Test Method for Saponification Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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