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This standard details the general bomb test method for determination of the amount of sulfur in lubricating oils with additives, additive concentrates, lubricating greases, and other petroleum products with low volatilities. This test method entails oxidizing samples by combustion in a bomb containing oxygen under pressure. The amount of sulfur is determined by gravimetry. Materials needed for the test include a combustion bomb, sample cup, firing wire, ignition circuit, and a cotton wicking or nylon sewing thread. All reagents, samples, and other chemicals used for the test should conform to the required concentration and purity.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of sulfur in petroleum products, including lubricating oils containing additives, additive concentrates, and lubricating greases that cannot be burned completely in a wick lamp. The test method is applicable to any petroleum product sufficiently low in volatility that it can be weighed accurately in an open sample boat and containing at least 0.1 % sulfur.
Note 1: This test method is not applicable to samples containing elements that give residues, other than barium sulfate, which are insoluble in dilute hydrochloric acid and would interfere in the precipitation step. These interfering elements include iron, aluminum, calcium, silicon, and lead which are sometimes present in greases, lube oil additives, or additive oils. Other acid insoluble materials that interfere are silica, molybdenum disulfide, asbestos, mica, and so forth. The test method is not applicable to used oils containing wear metals, and lead or silicates from contamination. Samples that are excluded can be analyzed by Test Method .
1.2 This test method is applicable to samples with the sulfur in the range 0.09 % to 5.5 % by mass.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1552 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
E144 Practice for Safe Use of Oxygen Combustion Vessels
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
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ASTM D129-18, Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top