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    ASTM D123 - 19

    Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles

    Active Standard ASTM D123 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.92

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard is the compilation of all terminology developed by Committee D13 on Textiles.

    1.1.1 This terminology, consists mostly of definitions, which are specific to the textile industry. Meanings of the same terms used outside the textile industry can be found in other compilations or in dictionaries of general usage.

    1.1.2 The specific D13 subcommittee (SC) which has jurisdictional responsibility for every item is the first attribution noted after the definition. The SC terminology standard in which all the terms and definitions appear is listed by number after the jurisdiction for the term. The wording of an entry cannot be changed without the approval of the subcommittee which has jurisdiction. Users of this compilation should also review the SC terminology standard listed for more details or interpretations of these terms and their use by the SC having jurisdiction.

    1.2 In addition to being a specialized dictionary, Terminology D123 is also a tool for managing the committee's terminology. This includes finding, eliminating, and preventing redundancies, that is, where two or more terms relating the same concept are defined in different words. Redundancies can also occur when one definition is used for two or more terms.

    1.3 While the review for clarity and form are the responsibility of the terminology subcommittee, the concept of managing terminology is the broad responsibility of every writer of standards, specifically the task group leader and subcommittee chairman.

    1.4 Subsequent to a listing of specific subcommittee compilations, this standard is comprised of the following sections that are listed in the order in which they appear.

    1.4.1 Alphabetical listing of terms with definitions followed by SC attribution in brackets and SC terminology standard.

    1.4.2 Annex A1 Terms Relating to the Hand of Fabrics.

    1.4.3 Annex A2 Industry Accepted Synonyms.

    1.4.4 Annex A3 Terminology Taken From D13 Standards That Have Been Withdrawn.

    1.4.5 Annex A4 Terminology Relating to Leather.

    1.4.6 Annex A5 Terminology Revision Procedures.

    1.4.7 Appendix X1 Other Sources of Textile Terminology.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2050 Terminology Relating to Subassemblies Used in the Manufacture of Textiles

    D3136 Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products

    D3888 Terminology for Yarn Spinning Systems

    D3990 Terminology Relating to Fabric Defects

    D4391 Terminology Relating to The Burning Behavior of Textiles

    D4845 Terminology Relating to Wool

    D4848 Terminology Related to Force, Deformation and Related Properties of Textiles

    D4849 Terminology Related to Yarns and Fibers

    D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods

    D4920 Terminology Relating to Conditioning, Chemical, and Thermal Properties

    D5219 Terminology Relating to Body Dimensions for Apparel Sizing

    D5253 Terminology Relating to Floor Coverings and Textile Upholstered Furniture

    D5646 Terminology Relating to Seams and Stitches Used in Home Sewing

    D5684 Terminology Relating to Pile Floor Coverings

    D6477 Terminology Relating to Tire Cord, Bead Wire, Hose Reinforcing Wire, and Fabrics

    D6798 Terminology Relating to Flax and Linen

    D6799 Terminology Relating to Inflatable Restraints

    D6963 Terminology Relating to Sewn Products Automation

    D7018 Terminology Relating to Glass Fiber and Its Products

    D7022 Terminology Relating to Apparel

    D7023 Terminology Relating to Home Furnishings

    D7139 Terminology for Cotton Fibers

    D7641 Guide for Textile Fibers

    D7722 Terminology Relating to Industrial Textile Stitches and Seams

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.59 (Textile and leather technology (Vocabularies)); 59.080.01 (Textiles in general)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0123-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D123-19, Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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