ASTM C78 / C78M - 18

    Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading)

    Active Standard ASTM C78 / C78M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is used to determine the flexural strength of specimens prepared and cured in accordance with Test Methods C42/C42M or Practices C31/C31M or C192/C192M. Results are calculated and reported as the modulus of rupture. For the same specimen size, the strength determined will vary if there are differences in specimen preparation, curing procedure, moisture condition at time of testing, and whether the beam was molded or sawed to size.

    4.2 The measured modulus of rupture generally increases as the specimen size decreases.3,4,5

    4.3 The results of this test method may be used to determine compliance with specifications or as a basis for mixture proportioning, evaluating uniformity of mixing, and checking placement operations by using sawed beams. It is used primarily in testing concrete for the construction of slabs and pavements.

    4.4 For identical test specimens, the modulus of rupture obtained by this test method will, on average, be lower than that obtained by Test Method C293/C293M.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the flexural strength of concrete by the use of a simple beam with third-point loading.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C31/C31M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field

    C42/C42M Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory

    C293/C293M Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam With Center-Point Loading)

    C617/C617M Practice for Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C1077 Practice for Agencies Testing Concrete and Concrete Aggregates for Use in Construction and Criteria for Testing Agency Evaluation

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C0078_C0078M-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM C78 / C78M-18, Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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