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This specification covers sinterable nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders obtained by the oxalate precipitation route, calcination, or any other equivalent process acceptable to the buyer. Included is plutonium dioxide of various isotopic compositions as normally prepared by in-reactor neutron irradiation of natural or slightly enriched uranium, or recycled plutonium mixed with uranium. The material shall conform to required chemical compositions of plutonium, uranium, americium, impurities (boron, cadmium, carbon, chlorine, chromium, fluorine, iron, gadolinium, nickel, nitride nitrogen, and thorium), equivalent boron, and gamma activity. Materials shall also adhere to physical property requirements as to cleanliness and workmanship, particle size, and surface area.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers nuclear grade PuO2 powder. It applies to PuO2 of various isotopic compositions as normally prepared by in-reactor neutron irradiation of natural or slightly enriched uranium or by in-reactor neutron irradiation of recycled plutonium mixed with uranium.
1.2 There is no discussion of or provision for preventing criticality incidents, nor are health and safety requirements, the avoidance of hazards, or shipping precautions and controls discussed. Observance of this specification does not relieve the user of the obligation to be aware of and conform to all applicable international, national, or federal, state, and local regulations pertaining to possessing, shipping, processing, or using source or special nuclear material. For examples in the U.S. Government, relevant documents are Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10 Nuclear Safety Guide, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report TID-7016, and “Handbook of Nuclear Safety”, H. K. Clark, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report, DP-532.
1.3 The PuO2 shall be produced by a qualified process and in accordance with a quality assurance program approved by the user.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
C697 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powders and Pellets
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
C1233 Practice for Determining Equivalent Boron Contents of Nuclear Materials
C1274 Test Method for Advanced Ceramic Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption
C1295 Test Method for Gamma Energy Emission from Fission and Decay Products in Uranium Hexafluoride and Uranyl Nitrate Solution
C1770 Test Method for Determination of Loose and Tapped Bulk Density of Plutonium Oxide
E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials
ASME StandardASME NQA-1 Quality Assurance Requirements for Nuclear Facility Applications Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME International Headquarters, Two Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http://www.asme.org.
U.S. Government Documents“Handbook of Nuclear Safety,” Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Nuclear Safety Guide, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report TID-7016
ISO StandardISO 13463 ISO 8300 Determination of Pu Content in Plutonium Dioxide (PuO2) of Nuclear Grade Quality, Gravimetric Method ISO 9161 Uranium Dioxide PowderDetermination of Apparent Density and Tap Density
ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
UNSPSC Code 15131500(Nuclear fuel)
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ASTM C757-16e1, Standard Specification for Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Dioxide Powder for Light Water Reactors, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top