ASTM C714 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity of Carbon and Graphite by Thermal Pulse Method

    Active Standard ASTM C714 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.F0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Thermal diffusivity is an important property required for such purposes as design applications under transient heat flow conditions, determination of safe operating temperature, process control, and quality assurance.

    5.2 The flash method is used to measure values of thermal diffusivity (α) of a wide range of solid materials. It is particularly advantageous because of the simple specimen geometry, small specimen size requirements, rapidity of measurement, and ease of handling materials having a wide range of thermal diffusivity values over a large temperature range with a single apparatus. The short measurement times involved reduce the chances of contamination and change of specimen properties due to exposure to high temperature environments.

    5.3 Thermal diffusivity results in many cases can be combined with values for specific heat (Cp) and density (ρ) to derive thermal conductivity (λ) from the relation λ = αCpρ. For guidance on converting thermal diffusivity to thermal conductivity, refer to Practice C781.

    5.4 This test method can be used to characterize graphite for design purposes.

    5.5 Test Method E1461 is a more detailed form of this test method and has applicability to much wider ranges of materials, applications, and temperatures.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the thermal diffusivity of carbons and graphite at temperatures up to 500 °C. It requires only a small easily fabricated specimen. Thermal diffusivity values in the range from 0.04 cm2/s to 2.0 cm2/s are readily measurable by this test method; however, for the reason outlined in Section 7, for materials outside this range this test method may require modification.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C781 Practice for Testing Graphite and Boronated Graphite Materials for High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Nuclear Reactor Components

    D7775 Guide for Measurements on Small Graphite Specimens

    E1461 Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.060.10 (Chemical elements)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/C0714-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM C714-17, Standard Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity of Carbon and Graphite by Thermal Pulse Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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