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These practices are intended for production and preparation of gray iron castings for porcelain enamelling. Design of the casting should be such as to minimize variations in temperature during firing and cooling. The governing factors in pattern layout and shop control are elimination of discontinuities, chill, and inclusions at or near the surfaces to be coated. Visual inspection methods for enamelling surfaces should place emphasis on the detection and remedy of porosity, sand inclusions, and gas holes. Porosity consisting of essentially subsurface pinholes, shallow covered blows, body scars, or shrinkage near the surface may or may not be acceptable for correction, depending upon severity.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 These practices are intended to indicate certain casting characteristics and pre-enameling practices which will facilitate finishing by the wet- or dry-process methods of porcelain enameling. All of the listed recommendations are based on experiences with gray iron casting and enameling.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A48/A48M Specification for Gray Iron Castings
A74 Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
A126 Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings
A278/A278M Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts for Temperatures Up to 650F (350C)
C286 Terminology Relating to Porcelain Enamel and Ceramic-Metal Systems
ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)
UNSPSC Code 31100000(Castings and casting assemblies)
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ASTM C660-81(2020), Standard Practices for Production and Preparation of Gray Iron Castings for Porcelain Enameling, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top