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Significance and Use
4.1 The true specific gravity of a material is the ratio of its true density, determined at a specific temperature, to the true density of water, determined at a specific temperature. Thus, the true specific gravity of a material is a primary property which is related to chemical and mineralogical composition.
4.2 This test method is particularly useful for hydratable materials that are not suitable for test with Test Method .
4.3 For refractory raw materials and products, the true specific gravity is a useful value for: classification, detecting differences in chemical composition between supposedly like samples, indicating mineralogical phases or phase changes, calculating total porosity when the bulk density is known, and for any other test method that requires this value for the calculation of results.
4.4 This test method is a primary standard method which is suitable for use in specifications, quality control, and research and development. It can also serve as a referee test method in purchasing contracts or agreements.
4.5 Fundamental assumptions inherent in this test method are the following:
4.5.1 The sample is representative of the material in general,
4.5.2 The total sample has been reduced to the particle size specified,
4.5.3 No contamination has been introduced during processing of the sample,
4.5.4 The ignition of the sample has eliminated all free or combined water without inducing sintering or alteration,
4.5.5 An inert gas (helium) has been used in the test, and
4.5.6 The test method has been conducted in a meticulous manner.
4.5.7 Deviation from any of these assumptions negates the usefulness of the results.
4.6 In interpreting the results of this test method, it must be recognized that the specified sample particle size is significantly finer than specified for Test Method . Even this finer particle size for the sample does not preclude the presence of some closed pores, and the amount of residual closed pores may vary between materials or even between samples of the same or like materials. The values generated by this test method may, therefore, be very close approximations rather than accurate representations of true specific gravities. Thus, comparisons of results should only be judiciously made between like materials tested by this test method or with full recognition of potentially inherent differences between the materials being compared or the test method used.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the true specific gravity of solid materials, and is particularly useful for materials that easily hydrate which are not suitable for test with Test Method . This test method may be used as an alternate for Test Methods , , and for determining true specific gravity.
1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.2.1 Exception—In , the equivalent SI unit is expressed in parentheses.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C128 Test Method for Relative Density (Specific Gravity) and Absorption of Fine Aggregate
C135 Test Method for True Specific Gravity of Refractory Materials by Water Immersion
C188 Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 81.080 (Refractories)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM C604-18, Standard Test Method for True Specific Gravity of Refractory Materials by Gas-Comparison Pycnometer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top