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Significance and Use
3.1 The purpose of this guide is to estimate the SO3 content for a hydraulic cement that gives maximum performance. The value obtained is one way to establish an appropriate level of sulfate in the manufacture of cements specified in Specifications , , and .
3.2 The SO3 content of a cement giving maximum performance is different at different ages, with different performance criteria and with different materials such supplementary cementitious materials and chemical admixtures. A manufacturer can choose the performance criteriato determine optimum SO3 content. This optimum SO3 content may be a compromise between different ages and different performance criteria.
Note 1: Typically, the optimum SO3 content is higher the later the age.
3.3 This guide indicates optimum SO3 content for cement, optionally in presence of supplementary cementitious materials and admixtures. Several alternate methods are allowed: compressive strength of concrete or mortar, heat of hydration of paste or mortar, and drying shrinkage of mortar.
3.4 It should not be assumed that the optimum SO3 estimated in this guide is the same SO3 content for optimum performance of a concrete prepared in the field using the same materials. The optimum SO3 is influenced by parameters such as ambient and fresh concrete temperature, admixtures, and supplementary cementitious materials.
3.5 The guide is applicable to cements specified in Specifications , , and .
1.1 This guide describes the determination of approximate optimum SO3 for maximum performance as a result of substituting calcium sulfate for a portion of the cement.
1.2 This guide refers to the sulfur trioxide (SO3) content of the cement only. Slag cements and occasionally other hydraulic cements can contain sulfide or other forms of sulfur. The determination of SO3 content by rapid methods may include these other forms, and may therefore produce a significant error. If a significant error occurs, analyze the cement for SO3 content using the reference test method of Test Methods for sulfur trioxide.
1.3 Values stated as SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C78/C78M Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading)
C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)
C114 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement
C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C204 Test Methods for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air-Permeability Apparatus
C305 Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency
C430 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 45-m (No. 325) Sieve
C465 Specification for Processing Additions for Use in the Manufacture of Hydraulic Cements
C471M Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Gypsum and Gypsum Products (Metric)
C595/C595M Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C596 Test Method for Drying Shrinkage of Mortar Containing Hydraulic Cement
C1157/C1157M Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement
C1437 Test Method for Flow of Hydraulic Cement Mortar
C1679 Practice for Measuring Hydration Kinetics of Hydraulic Cementitious Mixtures Using Isothermal Calorimetry
C1702 Test Method for Measurement of Heat of Hydration of Hydraulic Cementitious Materials Using Isothermal Conduction Calorimetry
ICS Number Code 91.100.10 (Cement. Gypsum. Lime. Mortar)
UNSPSC Code 01
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM C563-19, Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO