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This specification covers the chemical and physical property requirements and acceptability testing procedures of expanded or exfoliated vermiculite loose fill thermal insulation. This also includes vermiculite that has been surface-treated to produce water repellency for use in installations where liquid moisture may be a factor. Vermiculite insulation is specified by two types according to treatments and five classes according to the range of particle size distribution. The insulation should conform to the specified values of bulk density, grading, water properties, thermal resistance, moisture absorption, combustibility, and surface-burning characteristics. Tests to determine the physical properties should also be in accordance with the specified test procedures.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the composition and physical properties of expanded or exfoliated vermiculite loose-fill insulation. The specification also includes the testing procedures by which the acceptability of the material shall be determined. These testing procedures deal primarily with material performance in the temperature range associated with the thermal envelope of buildings; however, the commercially usable temperature range for this insulation is from –119 to 850°F (–84 to 454°C). Refer to manufacturer's instructions for specialized applications.
1.2 The specification also covers the composition and properties of vermiculite that has been surface-treated to produce water repellency for installations.
1.3 When the installation or use of thermal insulation materials, accessories, and systems may pose safety or health problems, the manufacturer shall provide the user with appropriate current information regarding any known problems associated with the recommended use of the company's products, and shall also recommend protective measures to be employed in their safe utilization.
1.4 The following applies to Test Method and Test Method . This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
1.5 The following applies to Test Method and Test Method . Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.
1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.7 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. , of this specification:For specific hazard statements, see Section .
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C390 Practice for Sampling and Acceptance of Thermal Insulation Lots
C518 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C520 Test Methods for Density of Granular Loose Fill Insulations
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
E136 Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750C
ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)
UNSPSC Code 30141500(Thermal insulation)
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ASTM C516-19, Standard Specification for Vermiculite Loose Fill Thermal Insulation, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top