ASTM C500 / C500M - 07(2019)

    Standard Test Methods for Asbestos-Cement Pipe

    Active Standard ASTM C500 / C500M | Developed by Subcommittee: C17.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.05

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    This test method covers the standard for testing of asbestos-cement pipe for hydrostatic strength, flexural strength, crushing strength, straightness, and uncombined calcium hydroxide. Hydrostatic pressure test is performed by placing the pipe with a factory-assembled joint, in a hydrostatic pressure testing machine. Air is expelled and an internal water pressure at a uniform rate is applied. The flexural strength test is performed by supporting the pipe in a flexural testing machine and distributing the load equally, and applying the load at the third points of the clear span. The crushing test shall be performed using the V-shaped bearing method. The straightness test is performed by determining the outer diameter of each pipe at both ends and in the middle and calculating the differences in outer diameter.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the testing of asbestos-cement pipe for hydrostatic strength, flexural strength, crushing strength, straightness, and uncombined calcium hydroxide; they are for use in conjunction with the individual product specifications for asbestos-cement pipe.

    1.2 Test methods appear in the following sections:





    Hydrostatic Pressure Test



    Flexural Test



    Crushing Test



    Straightness Test



    Uncombined Calcium Hydroxide Test


    1.3 Guidelines for internal and external corrosion included in Section 9 serve as an aid in determining the type of pipe which should be specified to maximize service life for a particular application.

    1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.5 Warning—Breathing of asbestos dust is hazardous. Asbestos and asbestos products present demonstrated health risks for users and for those with whom they come into contact. In addition to other precautions, when working with asbestos-cement products, minimize the dust that results. For information on the safe use of chrysoltile asbestos, refer to “Safe Use of Chrysotile Asbestos: A Manual on Preventive and Control Measures.”2

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific safety hazard, see 1.5.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1067 Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water

    D1126 Test Method for Hardness in Water

    D2946 Terminology for Asbestos and AsbestosCement Products

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis

    BNQ Standard

    BNQ 3807-098 Vulcanized Rubber: Hardness Determination Bureau de Normalisation du Qubec, Department of Industry and Commerce, 50 St. Joseph St. East, Quebec, QC, Canada G1K 3A5.

    Other Standard

    Regulation No. 3, Formula for Completely and Specifically Denatured Alcohol Published by the US Treasury Department, Bureau of Industrial Alcohol, Washington, DC.

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.50 (Pipes and fittings of other materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111601(Cement)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C0500_C0500M-07R19

    Citation Format

    ASTM C500 / C500M-07(2019), Standard Test Methods for Asbestos-Cement Pipe, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019,

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