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    ASTM C448 - 88(2021)

    Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Porcelain Enamels

    Active Standard ASTM C448 | Developed by Subcommittee: B08.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.05

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 When a porcelain enamel is first subjected to abrasion of the type involved in these tests, the rate of wear or attrition is relatively low. As the enamel is subjected to continued abrasion, the rate of wear increases until it reaches a steady value. Thereafter, the rate of wear remains almost constant until the enamel is penetrated and the underlying ground coat or metal exposed. The abrasion that occurs during the period of increasing rate-of-weight loss is defined as surface abrasion and results in reduced gloss and cleanability with high-gloss enamels and a modification of color, appearance, or surface texture, or combination thereof with low-gloss enamels. The abrasion that occurs during the period of steady rate-of-weight loss is defined as subsurface abrasion and results in the destruction of the continuity of the coating. These two types of abrasion are not necessarily proportional, and since it is desirable to be able to determine the resistance of porcelain enamel to both types of abrasion, it is necessary to deal with each one separately.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover determination of the resistance of porcelain enamels to surface abrasion and subsurface abrasion.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C346 Test Method for 45-deg Specular Gloss of Ceramic Materials

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.50 (Enamels)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C0448-88R21

    Citation Format

    ASTM C448-88(2021), Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Porcelain Enamels, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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