ASTM C1849 / C1849M - 17

    Standard Test Method for Density and Air Content (Pressure Method) of Freshly Mixed Roller-Compacted Concrete

    Active Standard ASTM C1849 / C1849M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.45

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The test determines the air content of freshly mixed RCC exclusive of any air that may exist inside voids within aggregate particles. For this reason, it is applicable to concrete made with normal-density or high-density aggregate particles and requires determination of the aggregate correction factor described in Test Method C231/C231M.

    4.2 If the concrete being tested contains aggregate that would be retained on a 50-mm (2-in.) sieve, the air content of the total mixture is only approximated by the test.

    4.3 The test determines the density of freshly mixed RCC containing aggregate with a maximum size not greater than 50-mm (2-in.).

    4.4 The air content of hardened RCC may be either higher or lower than that determined by this test method. This depends upon the methods and amount of consolidation effort applied to the RCC from which the hardened concrete specimen is taken; uniformity and stability of the air bubbles in the fresh RCC; accuracy of the microscopic examination, if used; stage in the delivery at which the air content of the unhardened RCC is determined; and other factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of density and air content of freshly mixed roller-compacted concrete (RCC) using the apparatus described in Test Method C231/C231M and the vibrating hammer described in Test Method C1435/C1435M.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    Note 1: Sieve size is identified by its standard designation in Specification E11. The alternative designation given in parentheses is for information only and does not represent a different standard sieve size.

    1.3 The text of this test method references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.)2

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C31/C31M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C138/C138M Test Method for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, and Air Content (Gravimetric) of Concrete

    C172/C172M Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

    C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory

    C231/C231M Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C1067 Practice for Conducting a Ruggedness Evaluation or Screening Program for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C1170/C1170M Test Method for Determining Consistency and Density of Roller-Compacted Concrete Using a Vibrating Table

    C1435/C1435M Practice for Molding Roller-Compacted Concrete in Cylinder Molds Using a Vibrating Hammer

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C1849_C1849M-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1849 / C1849M-17, Standard Test Method for Density and Air Content (Pressure Method) of Freshly Mixed Roller-Compacted Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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