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Significance and Use
5.1 The measurement of isotopic distributions for the lanthanide series elements is of important to all phases of the nuclear fuels cycle. Examples include the purification of the Nd isotopes from Ce and Sm isotopes for the determination of atom percent fission through the production of 148Nd in irradiated nuclear fuels using Practice , determination of rare earth content and isotopic distribution in Uranium Ore Concentrates (UOC) for source term and production of lanthanide fission products in irradiated nuclear fuels for determination of performance, improvements of depletion codes, and analysis of burnup indicators.
1.1 This practice provides instructions for the rapid separation of lanthanide elements using high pressure ion chromatography (HPIC) from dissolved uranium materials such as: nuclear fuels, uranium ores, hydrolyzed UF6, and depleted, natural, or enriched oxides/powders, or metals. When optimized, this technique will produce purified elemental fractions of the lanthanide elements isolated from the bulk uranium matrix allowing for isotopic assay using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).
1.2 This practice is most applicable for analyte concentrations of nanograms per gram uranium or higher. For ICP-MS detection and measurement of analyte concentrations lower than this, it would be necessary to perform additional pre-cleanup or concentration techniques, or both, which are not addressed in this practice.
1.3 When combined with isotope dilution, this practice can also be used for improved precision assays of the lanthanide elements using the principle of isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this practice.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
C1052 Practice for Bulk Sampling of Liquid Uranium Hexafluoride
C1075 Practices for Sampling Uranium-Ore Concentrate
C1168 Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Plutonium Materials for Analysis
C1347 Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Uranium Materials for Analysis
C1689 Practice for Subsampling of Uranium Hexafluoride
C1769 Practice for Analysis of Spent Nuclear Fuel to Determine Selected Isotopes and Estimate Fuel Burnup
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials
ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
UNSPSC Code 15131500(Nuclear fuel)
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ASTM C1845-16, Standard Practice for The Separation of Lanthanide Elements from Uranium Matrices Using High Pressure Ion Chromatography (HPIC) for Isotopic Analyses by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top