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Significance and Use
4.1 Composite materials consist by definition of a reinforcement phase/s in a matrix phase/s. The composition and structure of these constituents in the composites are commonly tailored for a specific application with detailed performance requirements. For fiber reinforced ceramic composites the tailoring involves the selection of the reinforcement fibers (composition, properties, morphology, interface coatings, etc.), the matrix (composition, properties, and morphology), the composite structure (component fractions, reinforcement architecture, interface coatings, porosity structure, microstructure, etc.), and the fabrication conditions (assembly, forming, densification, finishing, etc.). The final engineering properties (physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, etc) can be tailored across a broad range with major directional anisotropy in the properties. ()
4.2 This classification system assists the ceramic composite designer/user/producer in identifying and organizing different types of silicon carbide-silicon carbide (SiC-SiC) composites (based on fibers, matrix, architecture, physical properties, and mechanical properties) for structural applications. It is meant to assist the ceramic composite community in developing, selecting, and using SiC-SiC composites with the appropriate composition, construction, and properties for a specific application.
4.3 This classification system is a top level identification tool which uses a limited number of composites properties for high level classification. It is not meant to be a complete, detailed material specification, because it does not cover the full range of composition, architecture, physical, mechanical, fabrication, and durability requirements commonly defined in a full design specification. Guide provides direction and guidance in preparing a complete material specification for a given SiC-SiC composite component.
1.1 This classification covers silicon carbide-silicon carbide (SiC-SiC) composite structures (flat plates, rectangular bars, round rods, and tubes) manufactured for structural components. The SiC-SiC composites consist of continuous silicon carbide fibers in a silicon carbide matrix produced by four different matrix densification methods.
1.2 The classification system provides a means of identifying and organizing different SiC-SiC composites, based on the fiber type, architecture class, matrix densification, physical properties, and mechanical properties. The system provides a top-level identification system for grouping different types of SiC-SiC composites into different classes and provides a means of identifying the general structure and properties of a given SiC-SiC composite. It is meant to assist the ceramics community in developing, selecting, and using SiC-SiC composites with the appropriate composition, construction, and properties for a specific application.
1.3 The classification system produces a classification code for a given SiC-SiC composite, which shows the type of fiber, reinforcement architecture, matrix type, fiber volume fraction, density, porosity, and tensile strength and modulus (room temperature).
1.3.1 For example, Composites Classification Code, SC2-A2C-4D10-33—a SiC-SiC composite material/component (SC2) with a 95 %+ polymer precursor (A) based silicon carbide fiber in a 2D (2) fiber architecture with a CVI matrix (C), a fiber volume fraction of 45 % (4 = 40 to 45 %), a bulk density of 2.3 g/cc (D = 2.0 to 2.5 g/cc), an apparent porosity of 12 % (10 = 10 to 15 %), an average ultimate tensile strength of 350 MPa (3 = 300 to 399 MPa), and an average tensile modulus of 380 GPa (3 = 300 to 399 GPa).
1.4 This classification system is a top level identification tool which uses a limited number of composite properties for high level classification. It is not meant to be a complete, detailed material specification, because it does not cover the full range of composition, architecture, physical, mechanical, fabrication, and durability requirements commonly defined in a full design specification. Guide provides extensive and detailed direction and guidance in preparing a complete material specification for a given SiC-SiC composite component.
1.5 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C242 Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products
C559 Test Method for Bulk Density by Physical Measurements of Manufactured Carbon and Graphite Articles
C1039 Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Graphite Electrodes
C1145 Terminology of Advanced Ceramics
C1198 Test Method for Dynamic Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
C1259 Test Method for Dynamic Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Impulse Excitation of Vibration
C1275 Test Method for Monotonic Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics with Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Test Specimens at Ambient Temperature
C1773 Test Method for Monotonic Axial Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Tubular Test Specimens at Ambient Temperature
C1793 Guide for Development of Specifications for Fiber Reinforced Silicon Carbide-Silicon Carbide Composite Structures for Nuclear Applications
D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials
D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods
D6507 Practice for Fiber Reinforcement Orientation Codes for Composite Materials
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
E111 Test Method for Youngs Modulus, Tangent Modulus, and Chord Modulus
E1309 Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases
ICS Number Code 81.060.10 (Raw materials)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM C1835-16, Standard Classification for Fiber Reinforced Silicon Carbide-Silicon Carbide (SiC-SiC) Composite Structures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top