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    ASTM C183 / C183M - 16

    Standard Practice for Sampling and the Amount of Testing of Hydraulic Cement

    Active Standard ASTM C183 / C183M | Developed by Subcommittee: C01.95

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.01

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The sampling procedures described are intended for use in the procurement of samples of hydraulic cement after it has been manufactured and is ready to be offered for sale. They are not intended as sampling procedures for quality control purposes during manufacturing. The testing procedures outlined cover the amount of testing to be done and provide guidance for reporting on conformance or non-conformance of cements with requirements of purchase specifications.

    4.2 This practice is referenced as the procedure for sampling natural cement (Specification C10/C10M), masonry cement (Specification C91/C91M), portland cement (Specification C150/C150M), blended hydraulic cement (Specification C595/C595M), expansive hydraulic cement (Specification C845/C845M), hydraulic cement based on a performance specification (Specification C1157/C1157M), plastic stucco cement (Specification C1328/C1328M), and mortar cement (Specification C1329/C1329M), and

    4.3 Most building codes and construction specifications require that hydraulic cement to be used in the work meet the applicable requirements of the relevant purchase specifications, such as Specifications C10/C10M, C91/C91M, C150/C150M, C595/C595M, C1157/C1157M, C1328/C1328M, C1329/C1329M, or C845/C845M. If the code or specification requires sampling of the manufactured cement, the provisions given in 4.4 are applicable. Not much cement is sold on the basis of such sampling and testing. A useful discussion of sampling and testing cement is contained in ACI 225.1R.

    4.4 The procedures covered in this practice should be done by or for purchasers of hydraulic cement who are using a code or specification that requires sampling and testing to determine if the samples conform to the relevant acceptance specifications. The testing is done using specified methods to determine whether the samples yield test results that conform to the specification, and the tests serve as a basis for acceptance or rejection of the lot of material sampled.

    4.5 It is neither intended nor required that all cements be tested using all the test methods referenced in Section 2.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers procedures for sampling and for the amount of testing of hydraulic cement after it has been manufactured and is ready to be offered for sale.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Values in SI units [or inch-pound units] shall be obtained by measurement in SI units [or inch-pound units] or by appropriate conversion, using the Rules for Conversion and Rounding given in Standard IEEE/ASTM SI 10, Values are stated in only SI units when inch-pound units are not used in practice

    1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered requirements of the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C10/C10M Specification for Natural Cement

    C91/C91M Specification for Masonry Cement

    C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)

    C114 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement

    C115 Test Method for Fineness of Portland Cement by the Turbidimeter

    C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement

    C151/C151M Test Method for Autoclave Expansion of Hydraulic Cement

    C157/C157M Test Method for Length Change of Hardened Hydraulic-Cement Mortar and Concrete

    C185 Test Method for Air Content of Hydraulic Cement Mortar

    C186 Test Method for Heat of Hydration of Hydraulic Cement

    C191 Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle

    C204 Test Methods for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air-Permeability Apparatus

    C227 Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Cement-Aggregate Combinations (Mortar-Bar Method)

    C266 Test Method for Time of Setting of Hydraulic-Cement Paste by Gillmore Needles

    C430 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 45-m (No. 325) Sieve

    C451 Test Method for Early Stiffening of Hydraulic Cement (Paste Method)

    C452/C452M Test Method for Potential Expansion of Portland-Cement Mortars Exposed to Sulfate

    C595/C595M Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

    C806 Test Method for Restrained Expansion of Expansive Cement Mortar

    C807 Test Method for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement Mortar by Modified Vicat Needle

    C845/C845M Specification for Expansive Hydraulic Cement

    C1012/C1012M Test Method for Length Change of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars Exposed to a Sulfate Solution

    C1038/C1038M Test Method for Expansion of Hydraulic Cement Mortar Bars Stored in Water

    C1157/C1157M Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement

    C1328/C1328M Specification for Plastic (Stucco) Cement

    C1329/C1329M Specification for Mortar Cement

    C1357 Test Methods for Evaluating Masonry Bond Strength

    C1506 Test Method for Water Retention of Hydraulic Cement-Based Mortars and Plasters

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.10 (Cement. Gypsum. Lime. Mortar)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/C0183_C0183M-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM C183 / C183M-16, Standard Practice for Sampling and the Amount of Testing of Hydraulic Cement, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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