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1.1 This specification covers the design, testing, manufacture, selection, and installation of substantially horizontal fabricated metal access hatches for utility, water, and wastewater structures including utility vaults, drainage structures, valve vaults, meter vaults, wet wells, pump enclosures, utility trenches, piping trenches, and drainage trenches.
1.2 This specification is applicable to various configurations of access hatches constructed of fabricated metal of various materials and grades for various loading conditions, traffic speeds, or both.
1.3 Engineering design and testing criteria are provided for access hatches to be located in various areas subjected to various loading conditions, traffic speed, frequency, or combinations thereof.
1.4 Proof loading criteria is provided to allow the access hatches to be designed by engineering calculation and/or by ultimate strength load testing.
1.5 Production loading criteria is provided to allow the access hatches to be tested to verify the load capacity of the manufactured hatches.
1.6 Hatch loading selection guidelines are included to allow selection of the proper hatch design loading for the conditions of the actual area of placement.
1.7 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered the standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A36/A36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel
A53/A53M Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless
A123/A123M Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
A176 Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chromium Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A240/A240M Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
A242/A242M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
A325 Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A500/A500M Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes
A514/A514M Specification for High-Yield-Strength, Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding
A529/A529M Specification for High-Strength Carbon-Manganese Steel of Structural Quality
A572/A572M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel
A588/A588M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
A618/A618M Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing
A656/A656M Specification for Hot-Rolled Structural Steel, High-Strength Low-Alloy Plate with Improved Formability
A666 Specification for Annealed or Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar
A786/A786M Specification for Hot-Rolled Carbon, Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy, and Alloy Steel Floor Plates
A847/A847M Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless High-Strength, Low-Alloy Structural Tubing with Improved Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
A852/A852M Specification for Quenched and Tempered Low-Alloy Structural Steel Plate with 70 ksi [485 MPa] Minimum Yield Strength to 4 in. [100 mm] Thick
A913/A913M Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel Shapes of Structural Quality, Produced by Quenching and Self-Tempering Process (QST)
A992/A992M Specification for Structural Steel Shapes
B209 Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate
B210/B210M Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
B211/B211M Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rolled or Cold Finished Bar, Rod, and Wire
B221 Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
B241/B241M Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube
B247 Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Die Forgings, Hand Forgings, and Rolled Ring Forgings
B308/B308M Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 Standard Structural Profiles
B316/B316M Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rivet and Cold-Heading Wire and Rods
B429/B429M Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Structural Pipe and Tube
B632/B632M Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Rolled Tread Plate
B928/B928M Specification for High Magnesium Aluminum-Alloy Products for Marine Service and Similar Environments
C478 Specification for Circular Precast Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections (Metric) C0478_C0478M
C857 Practice for Minimum Structural Design Loading for Underground Precast Concrete Utility Structures
C890 Practice for Minimum Structural Design Loading for Monolithic or Sectional Precast Concrete Water and Wastewater Structures
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E2309/E2309M Practices for Verification of Displacement Measuring Systems and Devices Used in Material Testing Machines
F467 Specification for Nonferrous Nuts for General Use
F468 Specification for Nonferrous Bolts, Hex Cap Screws, Socket Head Cap Screws, and Studs for General Use
ANSI StandardANSI A326.3 American National Standard Test Method for Measuring Dynamic Coefficient of Friction of Hard Surface Materials
The American Welding Society CodesD1.1 Structural Welding CodeSteel (current edition) D1.2 Structural Welding CodeAluminum (current edition) D1.6 Structural Welding CodeStainless Steel (current edition)
The Aluminum AssociationAluminum Design Manual (current edition)
The American Institute of Steel Construction SpecificationsANSI/AISC 360
ASCE SpecificationsSEI/ASCE 8 Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Stainless Steel Structural Members (current edition)
AASHTO Standards and SpecificationsAASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges (current edition) AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specification (current edition)
ICS Number Code 91.140.60 (Water supply systems); 91.140.80 (Drainage systems); 93.025 (External water conveyance systems); 93.030 (External sewerage systems)
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ASTM C1802-20, Standard Specification for Design, Testing, Manufacture, Selection, and Installation of Horizontal Fabricated Metal Access Hatches for Utility, Water, and Wastewater Structures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top