ASTM C1750 - 17

    Standard Guide for Development, Verification, Validation, and Documentation of Simulated High-Level Tank Waste

    Active Standard ASTM C1750 | Developed by Subcommittee: C26.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 12.01


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    1. Scope

    1.1 Intent: 

    1.1.1 The intent of this guideline is to provide general considerations for the development, verification, validation, and documentation of high-level waste (HLW) tank simulants. Due to the expense and hazards associated with obtaining and working with actual wastes, especially radioactive wastes, simulants are used in a wide variety of applications including process and equipment development and testing, equipment acceptance testing, and plant commissioning. This standard guide facilitates a consistent methodology for development, preparation, verification, validation, and documentation of waste simulants.

    1.2 This guideline provides direction on (1) defining simulant use, (2) defining simulant-design requirements, (3) developing a simulant preparation procedure, (4) verifying and validating that the simulant meets design requirements, and (5) documenting simulant-development activities and simulant preparation procedures.

    1.3 Applicability: 

    1.3.1 This guide is intended for persons and organizations tasked with developing HLW simulants to mimic certain characteristics and properties of actual wastes. The process for simulant development, verification, validation, and documentation is shown schematically in Fig. 1. Specific approval requirements for the simulants developed under this guideline are not provided. This topic is left to the performing organization.

    FIG. 1 Simulant Development, Verification, Validation, and Documentation Flowsheet

    Simulant Development, Verification, Validation, and
 Documentation FlowsheetSimulant Development, Verification, Validation, and
 Documentation Flowsheet

    1.3.2 While this guide is directed at HLW simulants, much of the guidance may also be applicable to other aqueous based solutions and slurries.

    1.3.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 User Caveats: 

    1.4.1 This guideline is not a substitute for sound chemistry and chemical engineering skills, proven practices and experience. It is not intended to be prescriptive but rather to provide considerations for the development and use of waste simulants.

    1.4.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials

    C1109 Practice for Analysis of Aqueous Leachates from Nuclear Waste Materials Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

    C1111 Test Method for Determining Elements in Waste Streams by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

    C1752 Guide for Measuring Physical and Rheological Properties of Radioactive Solutions, Slurries, and Sludges

    D4129 Test Method for Total and Organic Carbon in Water by High Temperature Oxidation and by Coulometric Detection


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.030.30 (Special wastes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C1750-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1750-17, Standard Guide for Development, Verification, Validation, and Documentation of Simulated High-Level Tank Waste, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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