ASTM C169 - 16

    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass

    Active Standard ASTM C169 | Developed by Subcommittee: C14.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.02

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 These test methods can be used to ensure that the chemical composition of the glass meets the compositional specification required for the finished glass product.

    3.2 These test methods do not preclude the use of other methods that yield results within permissible variations. In any case, the analyst should verify the procedure and technique employed by means of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) standard reference material having a component comparable with that of the material under test. A list of standard reference materials is given in the NIST Special Publication 260,3 current edition.

    3.3 Typical examples of products manufactured using soda-lime silicate glass are containers, tableware, and flat glass.

    3.4 Typical examples of products manufactured using borosilicate glass are bakeware, labware, and fiberglass.

    3.5 Typical examples of products manufactured using fluoride opal glass are containers, tableware, and decorative glassware.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the quantitative chemical analysis of soda-lime and borosilicate glass compositions for both referee and routine analysis. This would be for the usual constituents present in glasses of the following types: (1) soda-lime silicate glass, (2) soda-lime fluoride opal glass, and (3) borosilicate glass. The following common oxides, when present in concentrations greater than indicated, are known to interfere with some of the determinations in this method: 2 % barium oxide (BaO), 0.2 % phosphorous pentoxide (P2O5), 0.05 % zinc oxide (ZnO), 0.05 % antimony oxide (Sb2O3), 0.05 % lead oxide (PbO).

    1.2 The analytical procedures, divided into two general groups, those for referee analysis, and those for routine analysis, appear in the following order:




    Procedures for Referee Analysis:






    BaO, R2O2 (Al2O3 + P2O5), CaO, and MgO

    11 – 15


    Fe2O3, TiO2, ZrO2 by Photometry and Al2O3 by Com-
         plexiometric Titration

    16 – 22


    Cr2O3 by Volumetric and Photometric Methods

    23 – 25


    MnO by the Periodate Oxidation Method

    26 – 29


    Na2O by the Zinc Uranyl Acetate Method and K2O by
         the Tetraphenylborate Method

    30 – 33


    SO3 (Total Sulfur)



    As2O3 by Volumetric Method

    36 – 40




    Procedures for Routine Analysis:



    Silica by the Single Dehydration Method

    42 – 44


    Al2O3, CaO, and MgO by Complexiometric Titration,
         and BaO, Na2O, and K2O by Gravimetric Method

    45 – 51


    BaO, Al2O3, CaO, and MgO by Atomic Absorption; and
         Na2O and K2O by Flame Emission Spectroscopy

    52 – 59


    SO3 (Total Sulfur)






    Fluorine by Pyrohydrolysis Separation and Specific Ion
         Electrode Measurement

    63 – 66


    P2O5 by the Molybdo-Vanadate Method

    67 – 70


    Colorimetric Determination of Ferrous Iron Using 1,10

    71 – 76




    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C146 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Glass Sand

    C225 Test Methods for Resistance of Glass Containers to Chemical Attack

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 81.040.10 (Raw materials and raw glass)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C0169-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM C169-16, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016,

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