ASTM C1557 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength and Young's Modulus of Fibers

    Active Standard ASTM C1557 | Developed by Subcommittee: C28.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Properties determined by this test method are useful in the evaluation of new fibers at the research and development levels. Fibers with diameters up to 250 × 10–6 m are covered by this test method. Very short fibers (including whiskers) call for specialized test techniques (1)3 and are not covered by this test method. This test method may also be useful in the initial screening of candidate fibers for applications in polymer, metal, or ceramic matrix composites, and for quality control purposes. Because of their nature, ceramic fibers do not have a unique tensile strength, but rather a distribution of tensile strengths. In most cases when the tensile strength of the fibers is controlled by one population of flaws, the distribution of fiber tensile strengths can be described using a two-parameter Weibull distribution, although other distributions have also been suggested (2, 3). This test method constitutes a methodology to obtain the tensile strength of a single fiber. For the purpose of determining the parameters of the distribution of fiber tensile strengths, it is recommended to follow this test method in conjunction with Practice C1239.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the preparation, mounting, and testing of single fibers (obtained either from a fiber bundle or a spool) for the determination of tensile strength and Young's modulus at ambient temperature. Advanced ceramic, glass, carbon, and other fibers are covered by this test standard.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1239 Practice for Reporting Uniaxial Strength Data and Estimating Weibull Distribution Parameters for Advanced Ceramics

    C1322 Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics

    D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E1382 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size Using Semiautomatic and Automatic Image Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 81.060.30 (Advanced ceramics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11151500(Fibers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/C1557-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1557-20, Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength and Young's Modulus of Fibers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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