ASTM C1523 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Determining Modulus, Tear and Adhesion Properties of Precured Elastomeric Joint Sealants

    Active Standard ASTM C1523 | Developed by Subcommittee: C24.30

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Seals are manufactured in flat extruded shapes and are primarily used to span joint openings. The seal is adhered to construction substrates utilizing a liquid applied adhesive, to seal building openings such as panel joints, metal flashing joints or other joints in place of conventional liquid applied sealants. In actual use, failure of an applied seal in an active joint is usually manifested by cohesive failure of the seal; adhesive failure between the adhesive and the substrate; adhesive failure between the adhesive and the seal; cohesive failure of the substrate or tear propagation parallel to the joint length.

    FIG. 1 Standard Substrate Test Specimen Assemblies

    Standard Substrate Test Specimen AssembliesStandard Substrate Test Specimen Assemblies

    FIG. 2 Beveled Bridge Joint Configuration

    Beveled Bridge Joint ConfigurationBeveled Bridge Joint Configuration

    FIG. 3 U-joint Configuration

    U-joint ConfigurationU-joint Configuration

    FIG. 4 Test Specimen Showing 5 mm Cut in the Middle of the Seal for Tear Propagation Testing

    Test Specimen Showing 5 mm Cut in the Middle of the
 Seal for Tear Propagation TestingTest Specimen Showing 5 mm Cut in the Middle of the
 Seal for Tear Propagation Testing

    FIG. 5 Partial Tear

    Partial TearPartial Tear

    Tear propagates perpendicular to the length of the joint as shown above, left; or at any angle leading to the joint wall as shown above, right. In each case tear stops at the joint wall with an intact unbroken joint length on both sides of at least 12.5 mm.

    FIG. 6 Tear

    TearTear

    Tear propagates parallel to the joint wall and opens one side or both sides.

    5.2 This test method can be used for testing the adhesion of the adhesive to the substrate and to the seal, tensile load at various strains and tear resistance at various strains after the specimens are exposed to wet, cold, hot and artificial weathering conditionings. All or some of these properties are experienced on actual job sites.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a laboratory procedure for measuring modulus, tear, joint movement ability and adhesion properties of applied, Precured Elastomeric Joint Sealants, hereinafter referred to as “applied seal” and if not applied, hereinafter referred to as “seal,” on portland cement mortar as a standard substrate and or other substrates. It tests these properties after dry, wet, frozen, heat aged or artificially weather-aged conditionings, or both.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 The committee with jurisdiction over this standard is not aware of any similar standard published by another committee or organization.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants

    C1375 Guide for Substrates Used in Testing Building Seals and Sealants

    C1442 Practice for Conducting Tests on Sealants Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus

    D1566 Terminology Relating to Rubber

    G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials

    G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

    G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for UV Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31201600(Other adhesives and sealants)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C1523-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1523-17, Standard Test Method for Determining Modulus, Tear and Adhesion Properties of Precured Elastomeric Joint Sealants, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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