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Significance and Use
4.1 A laboratory quality assurance program is an essential program for laboratories within the nuclear industry. Guide provides guidance for establishing a quality assurance program for an analytical laboratory within the nuclear industry. This guide deals with the control of measurements aspect of the laboratory quality assurance program. shows the relationship of measurement control with other essential aspects of a laboratory quality assurance program.
FIG. 1 Quality Assurance of Analytical Laboratory Data
4.2 The fundamental purposes of a measurement control program are to provide the with-use assurance (real-time control) that a measurement system is performing satisfactorily and to provide the data necessary to quantify measurement system performance. The with-use assurance is usually provided through the satisfactory analysis of quality control samples (reference value either known or unknown to the analyst). The data necessary to quantify measurement system performance is usually provided through the analysis of quality control samples or the duplicate analysis of process samples, or both. In addition to the analyses of quality control samples, the laboratory quality control program should address (1) the preparation and verification of standards and reagents, (2) data analysis procedures and documentation, (3) calibration and calibration procedures, (4) measurement method qualification, (5) analyst qualification, and (6) other general program considerations. Other elements of laboratory quality assurance also impact the laboratory quality control program. These elements or requirements include (1) chemical analysis procedures and procedure control, (2) records storage and retrieval requirements, (3) internal audit requirements, (4) organizational considerations, and (5) training/qualification requirements. To the extent possible, this standard will deal primarily with quality control requirements rather than overall quality assurance requirements, which are addressed in Guide .
4.3 Although this guide uses suggestive rather than prescriptive language (for example, “should” as opposed to “shall”), the elements being addressed should not be interpreted as optional. An effective and comprehensive laboratory quality control program should, at minimum, completely and adequately consider and include all elements listed in Section and in the corresponding referenced sections of this guide.
1.1 This guide provides guidance for establishing and maintaining a measurement system quality control program. Guidance is provided for general program considerations, preparation of quality control samples, analysis of quality control samples, quality control data analysis, analyst qualification, measurement system calibration, measurement method qualification, and measurement system maintenance.
1.2 This guidance is provided in the following sections:
General Quality Control Program Considerations
Quality Control Samples
Analysis of Quality Control Samples
Quality Control Data Analysis
Measurement System Calibration
Qualification of Measurement Methods and Systems
Measurement System Maintenance
1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
C1009 Guide for Establishing and Maintaining a Quality Assurance Program for Analytical Laboratories Within the Nuclear Industry
C1068 Guide for Qualification of Measurement Methods by a Laboratory Within the Nuclear Industry
C1108 Test Method for Plutonium by Controlled-Potential Coulometry
C1128 Guide for Preparation of Working Reference Materials for Use in Analysis of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Materials
C1156 Guide for Establishing Calibration for a Measurement Method Used to Analyze Nuclear Fuel Cycle Materials
C1297 Guide for Qualification of Laboratory Analysts for the Analysis of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Materials
E2554 Practice for Estimating and Monitoring the Uncertainty of Test Results of a Test Method Using Control Chart Techniques
ISO StandardISO Guide 80 Guidance for the in-house preparation of quality control materials (QCMs) ISO/IEC 17025 ISO/IEC 17043 Conformity assessment General requirements for proficiency testing
ANSI StandardsANSI/ASQ B1 Guide for Quality Control Charts ANSI/ASQ B2 Control Chart Method of Analyzing Data ANSI/ASQ B3 Control Chart Method of Controlling Quality During Production
ICS Number Code 03.120.10 (Quality management and quality assurance); 27.120.01 (Nuclear energy in general)
UNSPSC Code 81141500(Quality control)
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ASTM C1210-21, Standard Guide for Establishing a Measurement System Quality Control Program for Analytical Chemistry Laboratories Within Nuclear Industry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top