ASTM C1160 - 97(2012)

    Standard Specification for Chemical-Resistant Carbon Brick

    Active Standard ASTM C1160 | Developed by Subcommittee: C03.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.05

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    This specification covers machine made solid uncored carbon brick produced from either metallurgical or petroleum calcined coke, baked, and suitable for use in masonry construction. This material is normally used with carbon filled chemical-resistant mortars. The carbon brick shall exhibit chemical resistance to the following chemical media: nitric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide, and potassium hydroxide. It shall also comply with the specified values for compressive strength, modulus of rupture, water absorption, and maximum ash content.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers machine made solid uncored carbon brick produced from either metallurgical or petroleum calcined coke, baked to a minimum 1850°F (1010°C), and suitable for use in masonry construction which will be exposed to various chemicals. These units are designed primarily for industries using hydrofluoric acid, fluoride salts, and high concentrations of alkalies such as sodium and potassium hydroxide. Carbon brick are normally used with carbon filled chemical-resistant mortars.

    TABLE 1 General Guide to Chemical Resistance of Carbon Brick
    Note 1This table is intended for use as a general guide to the resistance of carbon brick in immersion service at ambient temperatures. Specific recommendations should be obtained from the carbon brick manufacturer. Carbon brick can be used to 650°F (340°C). Over 650°F (340°C), strict environmental control is paramount to ensure that the environment is non-oxidizing.



    Nitric Acid, to 40 %


    Hydrofluoric Acid, to 40 %


    Blend—25 % Nitric, 10 % Hydrofluoric, 65 % Water


    Hydrochloric Acid, to 35 %


    Phosphoric Acid, to 75 %


    Sulfuric Acid, to 50 %


    Sodium Hydroxide, to 50 %


    Potassium Hydroxide, to 50 %


    A R = Recommended.
    TABLE 2 Physical and Chemical Requirements



    Compressive Strength, psi (MPa), min

    6000 (41)

    Modulus of Rupture, psi (MPa), min

    1500 (10)

    Water Absorption, %, max


    Ash,% , max


    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C67 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile

    C561 Test Method for Ash in a Graphite Sample

    C904 Terminology Relating to Chemical-Resistant Nonmetallic Materials

    C1106 Test Methods for Chemical Resistance and Physical Properties of Carbon Brick

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 81.080 (Refractories)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31371300(Shaped refractories)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C1160-97R12

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1160-97(2012), Standard Specification for Chemical-Resistant Carbon Brick, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012,

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