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Significance and Use
5.1 Products covered by this practice are unwrought aluminum ingots, billets, and castings and unclad wrought aluminum sheet, plate, rolled or cold finished extrusions, extruded profiles, wire, rod and bar. Machined wrought products (finished or semi-finished) are excluded (see ). These practices, used in conjunction with the appropriate sample preparation techniques in Practices and the Test Methods , , , and EN 14242, are suitable to determine if the piece sampled meets the chemical composition limits registered with the Aluminum Association Inc. or other specified chemical composition limits for the alloy. Analysis of such samples shall not supersede the analysis of samples taken during pouring of castings or ingots in accordance with Practices and analyzed in accordance with Test Methods , , , or EN 14242 and shall not be used for determining compliance with chemical composition requirements for an entire cast lot or part thereof.
Note 3: Sampling machined pieces of products pose a particular problem because the piece itself may not be a representative sample of the original cast chemical composition. Larger differences may be expected between an analysis obtained from samples taken in accordance with this practice and the original cast analysis of samples taken during pouring of castings or ingot.
Note 4: Portable Spark-AES and hand held XRF instruments should not be used to determine if the piece sampled meets chemical composition limits registered with Aluminum Association Inc or other specified chemical composition limits for the alloy.
5.2 Users should be aware that chemical compositions determined using samples taken from unwrought aluminum ingots, billets, and castings and finished or semi-finished products might differ from the bulk chemical composition determined using samples taken when ingots or castings are poured. This difference can be due to elemental segregation upon solidification, sampling a non-homogenous section of the ingot or billet, removal of enriched material, or depleted areas of solidified material by subsequent procedures such as ingot scalping, the removal of risers from castings, or machining.
Note 5: When aluminum solidifies, macro-segregation may cause the chemical composition to vary throughout the ingot or casting. Certain areas may have enhanced or depleted concentrations of some elements relative to the average bulk chemical composition. Remnants of the macro-segregation may be retained in finished and semi-finished products. The sampling procedures described in this practice are designed to provide a laboratory sample for analysis which represents the chemical composition of the piece by taking samples in a way that symmetrically includes the various enhanced and depleted zones for example, sampling across the radius of a round ingot, and so forth.
1.1 This practice describes procedures for sampling unwrought aluminum ingots, billets, castings and finished or semi-finished wrought aluminum products to obtain a representative sample for determining chemical composition.
1.1.1 Chemical compositions determined from samples obtained in accordance with this standard practice may differ from the bulk chemical composition determined from samples taken when ingots or castings are poured. These differences can be due to elemental segregation that occurs during solidification, procedures that remove enriched material (for example, ingot scalping), or procedures that remove depleted areas (for example, removal of the riser from a casting).
1.1.2 Analysis of samples obtained from unwrought aluminum ingots, billets, and castings and finished or semi-finished wrought aluminum products can be used to determine if the piece sampled meets The Aluminum Association, Inc. registered chemical composition limits or other specified chemical composition limits for the alloy. Analysis of such samples shall not supersede the analysis of samples taken during pouring of castings or ingots in accordance with Practices and analyzed in accordance with Test Methods , , , or EN 14242 and shall not be used for determining compliance with chemical composition requirements for an entire cast lot or part thereof.
Note 1: Pieces may include ingots, forgings, coils, sheets, extrusions, castings, and so forth. A single unwrought ingot or billet may produce multiple finished or semi-finished pieces.
Note 2: Certification of entire cast lots should be determined using samples taken during pouring of castings or ingots in accordance with Practices and analyzed in accordance with Test Methods , , , or EN 14242.
1.2 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B881 Terminology Relating to Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products
E34 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum-Base Alloys
E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
E607 Test Method for Atomic Emission Spectrometric Analysis Aluminum Alloys by the Point to Plane Technique Nitrogen Atmosphere
E716 Practices for Sampling and Sample Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition by Spectrochemical Analysis
E1251 Test Method for Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
Other StandardsEN 14242 Aluminum and aluminum alloys-Chemical analysis-Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectral analysis
ICS Number Code 77.150.10 (Aluminium products)
UNSPSC Code 30265202(Aluminum ingot)
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ASTM B985-12(2016), Standard Practice for Sampling Aluminum Ingots, Billets, Castings and Finished or Semi-Finished Wrought Aluminum Products for Compositional Analysis, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top