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Significance and Use
5.1 Internal stress in applied coatings exhibits potential to cause a breakdown of resistance to corrosion and erosion as a result of the formation of fractures from micro-cracking and macro-cracking within the applied coating. This phenomenon can also cause blistering, peeling, reduction of fatigue strength, and loss. The resulting stress can be tensile in nature, causing the deposit to contract, or compressive in nature, causing the deposit to expand.
5.2 To maintain quality assurance by the bent strip method, it is necessary to monitor production processes for acceptable levels of internal deposit stress in applied coatings. Note that the highest value of the internal deposit stress as obtained on a stress-versus-plating-thickness curve is usually the truest value of the internal deposit stress. Most low values are false. Initial values tend to be lower than the actual value because of the effect of stock material edge burrs and the resistance of the stock material to bending. Excessive deposit thickness causes lower-than-true value since the coating overpowers and changes the initial modulus of elasticity of the test piece, which becomes more difficult to bend as the coating continues to build upon it. This phenomenon can be corrected considerably by use of a formula that compensates for modulus of elasticity differences between the deposit and the substrate materials, but it does remain a factor. See .
1.1 This test method for determining the internal tensile or compressive stress in applied coatings is quantitative. It is applicable to metallic layers that are applied by the processes of electroplating or chemical deposition that exhibit internal tensile or compressive stress values from 200 to 145 000 psi (1.38 to 1000 MPa).
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B636 Test Method for Measurement of Internal Stress of Plated Metallic Coatings with the Spiral Contractometer
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 25.220.40 (Metallic coatings)
UNSPSC Code 72153202(Metal structure coating service)
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ASTM B975-18e1, Standard Test Method for Measurement of Internal Stress of Metallic Coatings by Split Strip Evaluation (Deposit Stress Analyzer Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top