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This specification covers seamless, internally enhanced copper tube, in straight lengths or coils, suitable for use in refrigeration and air-conditioning products or other heat exchangers. The material of manufacture shall be cast billet, bar, tube, or so forth of copper UNS No. C12200 and shall be of such purity and soundness as to be suitable for processing into the tubular product described. The tube shall be manufactured by such hot- and cold-working processes needed to produce a homogenous, uniform wrought structure in the finished product. The material shall conform to the chemical composition requirements specified. The grain size shall be determined in the wall beneath the ridges. The microstructure shall show complete recrystallization and shall have an average grain size within the limits specified. As-fabricated and O (annealed) temper tube shall conform to the mechanical properties specified. The specimens of annealed product shall withstand the specified expansion tested as specified. Each tube shall be subjected to an eddy-current test. Tubes shall be tested normally in the fabricated temper; however, they may be tested in the annealed temper at the option of the manufacturer.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless, internally enhanced copper tube, in straight lengths or coils, suitable for use in refrigeration and air-conditioning products or other heat exchangers.
1.2 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 Tubes for this application are manufactured from the following copper:
Copper UNS No.
Type of Metal
Phosphorized, high residual phosphorus (DHP)
1.4 The following pertains to the test method described in of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B251 Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
B950 Guide for Editorial Procedures and Form of Product Specifications for Copper and Copper Alloys
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes)
UNSPSC Code 40182000(Seamless copper tubes); 40101802(Heat exchangers)
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ASTM B903-15, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement , ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top