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This specification establishes the requirements for seamless round, rectangular, and square copper tube (UNS Nos. C10100, C10200, C10300, C10800, C12000, and C12200) suitable for general engineering applications. The material of manufacture shall be billets, cast bars, or tube. The tube shall be manufactured by hot- and cold-working processes, shall be cold drawn to the finished size and wall thickness, and shall be supplied in cold-drawn or annealed temper condition. The material shall conform to the chemical composition requirements prescribed for copper, phosphorus, and arsenic, as determined by chemical analysis, and to the mechanical property requirements including tensile strength, yield strength, Rockwell hardness, and straightening. Requirements for grain size, electrical mass resistivity, and dimensions are specified. The following test methods are detailed: grain size, electrical resistivity, tensile and yield strength, and hardness tests, expansion test for round table, microscopical examination, test for hydrogen embrittlement, and nondestructive tests such as electromagnetic (eddy-current), hydrostatic, and pneumatic pressure tests.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless round, rectangular, and square copper tube suitable for general engineering applications.
1.1.1 Tubes made from any of the following Copper UNS No. designations shall be supplied unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order:
Copper UNS No.
Type of Copper
Oxygen-free without residual deoxidants
Oxygen-free, extra low phosphorus
Oxygen-free, low phosphorus
Phosphorus deoxidized, low residual phosphorus
Phosphorus deoxidized, high residual phosphorus
1.2 Units—The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.3 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test methods described in this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic CopperRefinery Shapes
B193 Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials
B251/B251M Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube
B577 Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper AlloysWrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
ICS Number Code 77.150.30 (Copper products)
UNSPSC Code 40182000(Seamless copper tubes)
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ASTM B75 / B75M-19, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top