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    ASTM B587 - 19

    Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube

    Active Standard ASTM B587 | Developed by Subcommittee: B05.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.01

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    This specification establishes the requirements for round, rectangular, and square copper alloy welded tube for general engineering applications. The tubes are classified into four types: Type I tubes which are finished by passing through sizing and straightening rolls at ambient temperature; Type II tubes which are finished by sizing, straightening, and annealing; Type III tubes which are finished by cold reducing or cold drawing over a plug or mandrel; and Type IV tubes which are finished by cold drawing over a plug or mandrel and annealing, and redrawing and annealing when necessary to conform to a specified size and temper. Tubes shall be welded by any process which produces forged or fusion welds. Forged-welded tube shall be scarfed to remove both internal and external flash. Forged-welded tube to be drawn over a mandrel to produce Types III and IV may have the internal flash completely removed. Fusion-welded tube shall be mechanically worked to produce a smooth external and internal surface without the application of scarfing or other removal of the weld metal bead. Grain size and mechanical properties such as tensile strength and Rockwell hardness shall be determined. The tubes shall be subjected to mercury nitrate, expansion, flattening, and reverse bend tests for performance evaluation. Non-destructive tests such as eddy-current test, hydrostatic test, and pneumatic tests shall be done as well.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    19.1 For the purpose of determining compliance with the specified limits for requirements of the properties listed in the following table, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29:


    Rounded Unit for Observed or Calculated Value


    Chemical composition

    nearest unit in the last right-hand place of figures of
     the specified limit

    Tensile strength

    nearest ksi

    Grain size up to 0.060
      mm, incl

    nearest multiple of 0.005 mm

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for round, rectangular, and square copper alloy welded tube for general engineering applications.

    1.2 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.3 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test method(s) described in this specification:

    1.3.1 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

    B154 Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys

    B428 Test Method for Angle of Twist in Rectangular and Square Copper and Copper Alloy Tube

    B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys

    B968/B968M Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube

    E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens

    E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

    E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes

    E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition

    E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys

    E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes); 77.150.30 (Copper products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40181600(Welded brass tubes)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/B0587-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM B587-19, Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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