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This specification covers seamless copper pipe in all nominal standard pipe sizes, both regular and extra-strong, suitable for use in plumbing, boiler feed lines, and for similar purposes. The material shall conform to the specified chemical requirements. The pipe shall be produced from one of C10200, C10300, C10800, C12000, and C12200 copper UNS numbers. All pipes shall normally be furnished in the prescribed annealed, light drawn, or hard drawn temper. The pipe shall be made from copper that is free of cuprous oxide, as determined by microscopical examination. The pipe shall be subjected to expansion or flattening, Eddy-current, and hydrostatic tests. Samples for chemical analysis shall be taken in accordance with Practice E255. However, the manufacturer shall have the option of determining conformance by analyzing samples taken at the time the castings are poured or from the semifinished product, subject to the conditions set in the specification.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
15.1 For purposes of determining compliance with the specified limits for requirements of the properties listed in the following table, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated in accordance with the rounding method of Practice .
Rounded Unit for
nearest unit in the last right-hand place of figures of the specified limit
nearest ksi (nearest 5 MPa)
1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless copper pipe in all nominal or standard pipe sizes, both regular and extra-strong, suitable for use in plumbing, boiler feed lines, and for similar purposes.
1.2 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units, which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test methods described in this specification.
1.3.1 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic CopperRefinery Shapes
B577 Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper AlloysWrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
B968/B968M Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
ICS Number Code 77.150.30 (Copper products)
UNSPSC Code 40171511(Commercial copper pipe); 40101833(Boiler or heater igniter)
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ASTM B42-20, Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top