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This test method covers the determination of the electrical resistivity of metallic electrical conductor material. Weight resistivity accuracy may be adversely affected by possible inaccuracies in the assumed density of the conductor. The definition of resistivity and the equations for calculating volume resistivity and weight resistivity are given. Resistance shall be measured using an apparatus with a circuit configuration and instrumentation that has a resistance measurement capability of the prescribed accuracy. The test specimen requirements and the test procedure including: (1) determination of dimensions (such as length and cross-section), weight, and density, and (2) resistance measurement are detailed. The formula for calculating the corrected resistance, when the measurement is made at any temperature other than a reference temperature, is given. No statement of precision has been made and no work has been planned to develop such a statement. This test method has no bias because the value for resistivity is determined solely in terms of this test method.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the electrical resistivity of metallic electrical conductor material. It provides for an accuracy of ±0.30 % on test specimens having a resistance of 0.00001 Ω (10 μΩ) or more. Weight resistivity accuracy may be adversely affected by possible inaccuracies in the assumed density of the conductor.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A111 Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Iron Telephone and Telegraph Line Wire
A326 Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) High Tensile Steel Telephone and Telegraph Line Wire
B9 Specification for Bronze Trolley Wire
B105 Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Alloy Wires for Electric Conductors
B298 Specification for Silver-Coated Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
B355 Specification for Nickel-Coated Soft or Annealed Copper Wire
B415 Specification for Hard-Drawn Aluminum-Clad Steel Wire
B498/B498M Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Core Wire for Use in Overhead Electrical Conductors
B566 Specification for Copper-Clad Aluminum Wire
B606 Specification for High-Strength Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Core Wire for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Conductors, Steel Reinforced
B800 Specification for 8000 Series Aluminum Alloy Wire for Electrical PurposesAnnealed and Intermediate Tempers
B802 Specification for Zinc-5% Aluminum-Mischmetal Alloy-Coated Steel Core Wire for Aluminum Conductors, Steel Reinforced (ACSR)[Metric](Discontinued 1998-Replaced by B 802/B802M) B0802_B0802M
B803 Specification for High-Strength Zinc-5 % Aluminum-Mischmetal Alloy-Coated Steel Core Wire for Use in Overhead Electrical Conductors
B957 Specification for Extra-High-Strength and Ultra-High-Strength Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Core Wire for Overhead Electrical Conductors
B958 Specification for Extra-High-Strength and Ultra-High-Strength Class A Zinc-5% Aluminum-Mischmetal Alloy-Coated Steel Core Wire for Use in Overhead Electrical Conductors
NIST DocumentNBS Handbook 100 Copper Wire Tables Available from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Dr., Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070, http://www.nist.gov.
ICS Number Code 29.050 (Superconductivity and conducting materials)
UNSPSC Code 26121500(Electrical wire)
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ASTM B193-16, Standard Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top