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This specification covers several different types of chemical passivation treatments for stainless steel parts. The treatments are the following: immersion treatment using nitric acid solutions, immersion treatment using citric acid solution, and electrochemical treatment. Immediately after the removal from the passivating solution, the parts shall be thoroughly rinsed, using stagnant, countercurrent, or spray washes, singly or in combination, with or without a separate chemical treatment for neutralization of the passivation media. The chemical reactions of the passivating media on the surface of the stainless steel shall be stopped by rinsing of the stainless steel part, with or without a separate neutralization treatment. A chemical treatment shall be applied which will accelerate the formation of the passive film on a chemically clean stainless steel surface. The passivated parts shall exhibit a chemically clean surface and shall, on visual inspection, show no etching, pitting, or frosting. The following tests shall be performed on each lot of stainless steel parts: water immersion test, high humidity test, salt spray test, copper sulfate test, and potassium ferricyanide-nitric acid test. A free iron test shall be used for the detection of free iron on the surface of stainless steel.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers several different types of chemical passivation treatments for stainless steel parts. It includes recommendations and precautions for descaling, cleaning, and passivation of stainless steel parts. It includes several alternative tests, with acceptance criteria, for confirmation of effectiveness of such treatments for stainless steel parts.
1.2 Practices for the mechanical and chemical treatments of stainless steel surfaces are discussed more thoroughly in Practice .
1.3 Several alternative chemical treatments are defined for passivation of stainless steel parts. give some nonmandatory information and provides some general guidelines regarding the selection of passivation treatments appropriate to particular grades of stainless steel. This specification makes no recommendations regarding the suitability of any grade, treatment, or acceptance criteria for any particular application or class of applications.
1.4 The tests in this specification are intended to confirm the effectiveness of passivation, particularly with regard to the removal of free iron and other exogenous matter. These tests include the following practices:
1.4.1 Practice A—Water Immersion Test,
1.4.2 Practice B—High Humidity Test,
1.4.3 Practice C—Salt Spray Test,
1.4.4 Practice D—Copper Sulfate Test,
1.4.5 Practice E—Potassium Ferricyanide-Nitric Acid Test, and
1.4.6 Practice F—Damp Cloth Test, and
1.4.7 Practice G—Boiling Water Immersion Test.
Note 1: Free iron denotes iron present on the surface of the parts, including but not limited to iron contamination, iron-tool marks, residual-iron salts from pickling solutions, iron dust, atmospheric exposure, iron deposits in welds, embedded iron, and iron oxide.
1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A380/A380M Practice for Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel Parts, Equipment, and Systems
B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
B254 Practice for Preparation of and Electroplating on Stainless Steel
B600 Guide for Descaling and Cleaning Titanium and Titanium Alloy Surfaces
B912 Specification for Passivation of Stainless Steels Using Electropolishing
Federal SpecificationQQ-P-35C Passivation Treatments for Corrosion-Resistant Steels In accordance with QQ-P-35C Notice 3, September 11, 1998, Specification QQ-P-35C is cancelled and Specification should be used in its place for DoD activities other than aerospace applications.
ICS Number Code 77.140.20 (Steels of high quality)
UNSPSC Code 11171600(Stainless steel alloys)
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ASTM A967 / A967M-17, Standard Specification for Chemical Passivation Treatments for Stainless Steel Parts, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top