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This specification covers castings, iron-chromium-nickel-molybdenum corrosion-resistant, duplex(austenitic/ferritic) for general application. Castings shall be heat treated in accordance with the required procedure and heat-treat temperature. Proper heat treatment of these alloys is usually necessary to enhance corrosion resistance and in some cases to meet mechanical properties. Minimum heat-treat temperatures are specified; however, it is sometimes necessary to heat-treat at higher temperatures, hold for some minimum time at temperature and then rapidly cool the castings in order to enhance the corrosion resistance and meet the required mechanical properties. The steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, tungsten, and nitrogen. Castings shall be marked for material identification with the specification designation and grade.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers a group of cast duplex stainless steels (austenitic/ferritic).
1.2 The duplex stainless steel alloys offer a combination of enhanced mechanical properties and corrosion resistance when properly balanced in composition and properly heat treated. Ferrite levels are not specified, but these alloys will develop a range of approximately 30 to 60 % ferrite with the balance austenite. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to determine which grade shall be furnished depending on design and service conditions, mechanical properties, and corrosion-resistant characteristics.
Note 1: Because of the possibility of precipitation of embrittling phases, the grades included in this specification are not recommended for service at temperatures above 600 °F [315 °C].
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
1.3.1 Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A781/A781M Specification for Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use
A957/A957M Specification for Investment Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use
E562 Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
E1245 Practice for Determining the Inclusion or Second-Phase Constituent Content of Metals by Automatic Image Analysis
ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)
UNSPSC Code 31101604(Stainless steel sand casting)
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ASTM A890 / A890M-18a, Standard Specification for Castings, Iron-Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum Corrosion-Resistant, Duplex (Austenitic/Ferritic) for General Application, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top