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    ASTM A834 - 95(2020)

    Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Iron Castings for General Industrial Use

    Active Standard ASTM A834 | Developed by Subcommittee: A04.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.02

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    This specification covers the standard common requirements for iron castings to be used for general industrial applications. The castings shall be made in a workman-like manner and shall conform to the dimensions on drawings furnished by the purchaser before manufacture is started. A lot shall consist of one of the following: all the metal from a single heating in a batch-type melting furnace; all the metal poured from two or more batch-type melting furnaces into a single ladle or a single casting; or all the metal poured from a continuous melting furnace for a given period of time between changes in charge, processing conditions, or aim-for chemistry, whichever is the shorter period. Specimens shall undergo tension tests and shall conform to the specified tensile strength requirements. Chemical analysis such as spectrographic methods shall be performed to determine the chemical composition which shall be in accordance to the carbon content requirement of the specimen. Visual inspection shall also be done to ensure that the casting surface is free of adhering sand, scale, cracks, and hot tears.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers a group of requirements that are mandatory requirements when used in conjunction with the following iron casting specifications issued by ASTM:

    ASTM Specification2


















    1.2 This specification also covers a group of supplementary requirements which may be applied to the above specifications as indicated herein. These are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired and apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.

    1.3 The requirements of the individual material specification, and this general specification, shall prevail in the sequence named.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Military Standard


    Federal Standard

    Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)

    ASTM Standards

    A47/A47M Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings

    A48/A48M Specification for Gray Iron Castings

    A197/A197M Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron

    A220/A220M Specification for Pearlitic Malleable Iron

    A247 Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings

    A278/A278M Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts for Temperatures Up to 650F (350C)

    A319 Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Elevated Temperatures for Non-Pressure-Containing Parts

    A395/A395M Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures

    A436 Specification for Austenitic Gray Iron Castings

    A439/A439M Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings

    A518/A518M Specification for Corrosion-Resistant High-Silicon Iron Castings

    A532/A532M Specification for Abrasion-Resistant Cast Irons

    A536 Specification for Ductile Iron Castings

    A571/A571M Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

    A644 Terminology Relating to Iron Castings

    A802/A802M Practice for Steel Castings, Surface Acceptance Standards, Visual Examination

    A823 Specification for Statically Cast Permanent Mold Gray Iron Castings

    A842 Specification for Compacted Graphite Iron Castings

    A874/A874M Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Castings Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

    A897/A897M Specification for Austempered Ductile Iron Castings

    A919 Terminology Relating to Heat Treatment of Metals

    E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E30 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel, Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E59 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E165/E165M Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing for General Industry

    E351 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast IronAll Types

    E689 Reference Radiographs for Ductile Iron Castings

    E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

    E802 Reference Radiographs for Gray Iron Castings Up to 412 in. (114 mm) in Thickness

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31100000(Castings and casting assemblies)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/A0834-95R20

    Citation Format

    ASTM A834-95(2020), Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Iron Castings for General Industrial Use, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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