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This specification covers the general requirements for carbon, structural, and high-strength, low alloy steel sheets in coils and cut lengths. The steel sheets shall be manufactured by hot-rolling, cold-rolling or temper rolling. Cold-rolled sheets shall undergo annealing after being cold reduced to thickness. Products shall undergo cast or heat analysis, product, check, or verification analysis, and sampling. Product analyses shall be performed wherein specimens shall conform to required chemical composition of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, columbium, niobium, titanium, aluminum, and nitrogen. Mechanical properties of the materials shall conform to the following properties: tensile strength, yield strength, and bending strength. Thickness, length, width and flatness tolerances and allowances for cold-rolled and hot-rolled sheets are indicated. Steel may be produced as ingot-cast or strand-cast.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the general requirements for steel sheet in coils and cut lengths. It applies to the following specifications that describe carbon steel, structural steel, and high-strength, low-alloy steel (HSLA) furnished as hot-rolled sheet and cold-rolled sheet: Specifications , , , , , , , and .
1.2 This specification is not applicable to hot-rolled heavy-thickness carbon sheet coils (Specification ).
1.3 In case of any conflict in requirements, the requirements of the individual material specification shall prevail over those of this general specification.
1.4 For the purposes of determining conformance with this and the appropriate product specification referenced in , measured values, calculated values, or observed values shall be rounded to the nearest unit in the right hand place of figures used in expressing the limiting values in accordance with the rounding method of Practice .
1.4.1 Ordered values, identified in tables, specified such as over 30 through 48 or 30 exclusive to 48 inclusive, covers all ordered values specified as 30.1, 30.01, 30.001, etc., up to and including 48.000 etc., but does not cover ordered values specified as 30.000 etc., or less, nor does it cover ordered values specified as 48.1, 48.01, 48.001, etc.
1.5 lists permissible variations in dimensions and mass (see ) in SI [metric] units. The values listed are not exact conversions of the values listed in the inch-pound tables, but instead are rounded or rationalized values. Conformance to is mandatory when the “M” specification is used.
Note 1: The term weight is used when inch-pound units are the standard. However, under SI the preferred term is mass.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.7 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A414/A414M Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy for Pressure Vessels
A424/A424M Specification for Steel, Sheet, for Porcelain Enameling
A606/A606M Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, with Improved Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
A635/A635M Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Heavy-Thickness Coils, Hot-Rolled, Alloy, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, and High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, General Requirements for
A659/A659M Specification for Commercial Steel (CS), Sheet and Strip, Carbon (0.16 Maximum to 0.25 Maximum Percent), Hot-Rolled
A700 Guide for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
A794/A794M Specification for Commercial Steel (CS), Sheet, Carbon (0.16% Maximum to 0.25% Maximum), Cold-Rolled
A941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys
A1008/A1008M Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, Solution Hardened, and Bake Hardenable
A1011/A1011M Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, and Ultra-High Strength
A1030/A1030M Practice for Measuring Flatness Characteristics of Steel Sheet Products
A1039/A1039M Specification for Steel, Sheet, Hot Rolled, Carbon, Commercial, Structural, and High-Strength Low-Alloy, Produced by Twin-Roll Casting Process
A1073/A1073M Practice for Using Hand Micrometers to Measure the Thickness of Uncoated Steel Sheet and Nonmetallic and Metallic-Coated Steel Sheet
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E59 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition
E290 Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility
Federal StandardsFed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipments (Civil Agencies)
ICS Number Code 77.140.50 (Flat steel products and semi-products)
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ASTM A568 / A568M-19a, Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, Structural, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top