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This specification details the standard requirements for carbon steel tires for railway and rapid transit applications. The seven classes of steel tires covered here are: Class A-untreated driving tires for locomotives in passenger service; Class AHT-heat-treated driving tires for locomotives in passenger service; Class B-untreated driving tires for freight locomotives and tires for locomotive-truck, tender-truck, trailer and car wheels and miscellaneous service; Class BHT-heat-treated driving tires for freight locomotives and tires for trailer service; Class C-untreated tires for switching locomotives; Class CHT-heat-treated driving tires and switching locomotives and tires for locomotive-trucks, tender-trucks, trailer and car wheels, and miscellaneous service; and Class DHT-heat-treated driving tires for locomotives with light braking conditions, heavily loaded trailer tires, and rapid transit wheels where off-tread brakes are employed. Tires shall be tested and conform to required chemical composition and Brinell hardness values. Reheat treatment and retests may be done if any of the tires fail to meet the specified property values.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers seven classes of carbon steel tires for railway and rapid transit use.
1.1.1 Class A—For untreated driving tires for locomotives in passenger service.
1.1.2 Class AHT—For heat-treated driving tires for locomotives in passenger service.
1.1.3 Class B—For untreated driving tires for freight locomotives and tires for locomotive-truck, tender-truck, trailer and car wheels, and miscellaneous service.
1.1.4 Class BHT—For heat-treated driving tires for freight locomotives and tires for trailer wheels.
1.1.5 Class C—For untreated tires for switching locomotives.
1.1.6 Class CHT—For heat-treated driving tires and switching locomotives and tires for locomotive-trucks, tender-trucks, trailer and car wheels, and miscellaneous service.
1.1.7 Class DHT—For heat-treated driving tires for locomotives with light braking conditions, heavily loaded trailer tires, and rapid transit wheels where off-tread brakes are employed.
1.2 Supplementary requirements, including those in the general requirements of Specification , are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired. These shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text and tables the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
1.4 Unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation, the tires shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
AAR StandardAAR M-107/M-208 Wheels, Carbon Steel
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
ICS Number Code 45.040 (Materials and components for railway engineering)
UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel)
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ASTM A551 / A551M-08(2018), Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Tires for Railway and Rapid Transit Applications, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top