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This specification covers pressure vessel plates, alloy steel, quenched-and-tempered, chromium-molybdenum, and chromium-molybdenum-vanadium. As a steel making practice, the steel shall be killed and shall conform to specified fine austenitic grain size requirements. Plate types A, B, C, D, and E shall be heat treated by heating to a suitable austenitizing temperature, holding for a sufficient period of time to attain uniform temperature throughout the thickness, and quenching in a suitable liquid medium by spraying or immersion. The steel shall conform to the required chemical compositions. The required mechanical properties that include tension test requirements and notch toughness requirements are presented in details.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers two types of 21/4 Cr-1 Mo and three types of Cr-Mo-V alloy steel plates for use in the quenched-and-tempered condition, intended for the fabrication of welded pressure vessels and components.
1.2 Material under this specification is available in five types, designated “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” and “E.” Type B is identical to Type A except for restrictive limits for carbon, phosphorus, sulfur, and nickel. The material is also available in five classes having the following strength levels. Type E is available only as Class 4 and 4a.
Minimum Tensile Strength, ksi [MPa]
4 and 4a
1.3 The maximum thickness of plates is limited only by the capacity of the chemical composition to meet the specified mechanical property requirements.
1.4 The minimum thickness of plates is limited to 3/16 in. [5 mm].
1.5 The material is intended to be suitable for fusion welding. Welding technique is of fundamental importance and it is presupposed that welding procedures will be in accordance with approved methods.
1.6 These alloy steel plates in the as-rolled condition are sensitive to cracking during flame cutting, transit, and handling. They should be shipped in the as-rolled condition only with the mutual agreement of the manufacturer and the purchaser or fabricator.
1.7 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents, therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this specification.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A20/A20M Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A387/A387M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Chromium-Molybdenum
A435/A435M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Plates
A577/A577M Specification for Ultrasonic Angle-Beam Examination of Steel Plates
A578/A578M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Rolled Steel Plates for Special Applications
ICS Number Code 77.140.30 (Steels for pressure purposes)
UNSPSC Code 30102204(Steel plate)
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ASTM A542 / A542M-19, Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Quenched-and-Tempered, Chromium-Molybdenum, and Chromium-Molybdenum-Vanadium, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top