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This practice covers the precautions that should be taken to obtain high-quality galvanized coatings. Assemblies should consist of elements of similar chemistry and surface condition. Whenever different analyses of steel or different surfaces of steel are united in an assembly the galvanized finish is not generally uniform in appearance. These differences include excessively rusted surfaces, pitted surfaces, machined surfaces, cast iron especially with sand inclusion, cast steel, malleable iron, hot-rolled steel, and cold-rolled steel. All oil or grease should be removed from both the sheet steel and wire or rod before rolling. Welding flux residues shall be removed by standard galvanizing cleaning techniques and are best removed at the gun. All fabricated assemblies shall be so designed with vent and drain holes such that no air is trapped during immersion of the assemblies into cleaning solutions or molten zinc. Moving parts such as handles or hinges should be galvanized separately and assembled after galvanizing. All markings shall remain legible after galvanizing. When an assembly of steel parts or an individual steel part has been designed and fabricated with critical dimensions and must be subsequently hot-dip galvanized, the designer should be aware that the hot-dip galvanizing process chemical cleaning to prepare the surfaces for coating and this may alter the critical dimensions.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This practice covers the precautions that should be taken to obtain high-quality hot-dip galvanized coatings.
1.2 Where experience on a specific product indicates a relaxing of any provision, the mutually acceptable change shall be a matter for agreement between the manufacturer and purchaser.
1.3 This specification is applicable to orders in either inch-pound units (as ) or in SI units (as ). Inch-pound units and SI units are not necessarily exact equivalents. Within the text of this specification and where appropriate, SI units are shown in brackets. Each system shall be used independently of the other without combining values in any way.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A123/A123M Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
A143/A143M Practice for Safeguarding Against Embrittlement of Hot-Dip Galvanized Structural Steel Products and Procedure for Detecting Embrittlement
A153/A153M Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware
A384/A384M Practice for Safeguarding Against Warpage and Distortion During Hot-Dip Galvanizing of Steel Assemblies
A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
ICS Number Code 25.220.40 (Metallic coatings)
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ASTM A385 / A385M-20, Standard Practice for Providing High-Quality Zinc Coatings (Hot-Dip), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top