ASTM A367 - 11(2017)

    Standard Test Methods of Chill Testing of Cast Iron

    Active Standard ASTM A367 | Developed by Subcommittee: A04.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.02


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    Abstract

    This test method deals with gray irons that are to be free of chill in the casting and to chilled irons that are to have a specific depth of chill in the casting. The purpose of the test is to determine the chilling tendencies of cast iron. The two tests are wedge test and chill test. Both tests shall be made in a core which may either be single cores or gang cores and a pouring practice shall be performed. The wedge test is generally better adapted to the higher strength gray irons. The accelerated cooling rate that shall induce the formation of a chill shall be brought about through the design of the test specimen. The chill test is better adapted to the softer grades of gray iron and should be used if the casting have a specified depth of chill. The chill in this type of test shall be induced by casting one edge of the test specimen against a metal or graphite chilled plate or block. Wedge test is simpler than chill test since in the wedge test, maintenance of chill blocks or plates is not necessary.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods of chill testing apply to gray irons that are to be free of chill in the casting and to chilled irons that are to have a specific depth of chill in the casting. Two test methods of determining the chilling tendencies of cast iron are covered as follows. For many applications, either test method will be satisfactory if test pieces of the proper dimensions are selected.

    1.1.1 Test Method A, Wedge Test—This test is generally better adapted to the higher-strength gray irons. The accelerated cooling rate to induce the formation of a chill is brought about through the design of the test specimen. This test method is simpler than Test Method B since maintenance of chill blocks or plates is not necessary.

    1.1.2 Test Method B, Chill Test—This test is better adapted to the softer grades of gray iron and should be used if the casting is to have a specified depth of chill. The chill in this type of test is induced by casting one edge of the test specimen against a metal or graphite chilled plate or block.

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.2.1 The metric equivalency charts in Figs. 1 and 2 are provided for information only.

    FIG. 1 Dimensions for Test Wedges

     Dimensions for Test Wedges Dimensions for Test Wedges

    Wedge No.

    Wedge Dimensions

    B

    H

    A, deg

    Length

    in.

    mm

    in.

    mm

    in.

    mm

    W 1

    0.20

     5.1

    1.00

    25.4

    11.5

    4

    101.6

    W 2

    0.40

    10.2

    1.25

    31.8

    18  

    4

    101.6

    W 3

    0.75

    19.1

    1.50

    38.1

    28  

    4

    101.6

       W 31/2 

    1.00

    25.4

    1.75

    44.4

    32  

    5

    127.0

    W 4

    1.25

    31.8

    2.00

    50.8

    34.5

    6

    152.4

    FIG. 2 Recommended Dimensions for Test Method B Chill Test Specimens

     Recommended Dimensions for Test Method B Chill Test
 Specimens Recommended Dimensions for Test Method B Chill Test
 Specimens

    Chill Test No.

    Recommended Dimensions, in.

    Recommended
    Chill Depth
    Range, 1/23 in.A

    T

    A

    B

    H

    L

    D

    d

    G

    1C

    3/16 

    1/4   

    1/8   

    11/4 

        21/2 

    3/4 

    1/2 

    1/32 

     3 to 12

    2C

    1/4 

    5/16 

    3/16 

    11/2 

    3

    7/8 

    1/2 

    1/32 

     4 to 16

    3C

    3/8 

    7/16 

    5/16 

    13/4 

       31/2 

    7/8 

    1/2 

    1/16 

     6 to 24

    4C

    1/2 

    9/16 

    7/16 

    2  

    4 

    1 

    5/8 

    1/16 

     8 to 32

    5C

    3/4 

    13/16 

    11/16 

    21/2 

    5 

    1 

    5/8 

    3/32 

    12 to 48

    (A) T/2 to 2T.

    Note 1—Casting to be made in a dry sand core.

    Note 2—Allow 3/4 in. of sand on all sides.

    Metric Equivalents


    in.

    mm

    in.

    mm

    in.

    mm

    1/32 

    0.8

    3/8   

     9.5

    1   

    25.4

    1/16 

    1.6

    7/16 

    12.1

    11/4 

    31.8

    3/32 

    2.4

    1/2   

    12.7

    11/2 

    38.1

    1/8 

    3.2

    9/16 

    14.3

    13/4 

    44.4

    3/16 

    4.8

    11/16 

    17.5

    2  

    50.8

    1/4 

    6.4

    3/4  

    19.0

    21/2 

    63.5

    5/16 

    7.9

    13/16 

    20.6

     

     

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31101617(Grey iron sand casting)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/A0367-11R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM A367-11(2017), Standard Test Methods of Chill Testing of Cast Iron, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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