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This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements for three grades (Grades A, B, and C) of carbon steel bolts and studs in specified sizes. This specification does not cover the requirements for machine screws, thread cutting/forming screws, mechanical expansion anchors, or other similar externally threaded fasteners. When tested, sampled specimens shall adhere to specified values for chemical composition, hardness, tensile strength, yield point, elongation, and dimensions.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of two grades of carbon steel bolts and studs in sizes 1/4 in. through 4 in. The fasteners are designated by “Grade” denoting tensile strength and intended use, as follows:
Bolts, studs, and threaded rod having a minimum tensile strength of 60 ksi and intended for general applications,
Bolts, studs, and threaded rodA having a tensile strength of 60 to 100 ksi and intended for flanged joints in piping systems with cast iron flanges, and
Replaced by SpecificationGr.36
1.2 This specification does not cover requirements for machine screws, thread cutting/forming screws, mechanical expansion anchors or similar externally threaded fasteners.
1.3 Suitable nuts are covered in Specification . Unless otherwise specified, the grade and style of nut for each grade of fastener, of all surface finishes, shall be as follows:
Fastener Grade and Size
Nut Grade and StyleA
A 1/4 to 11/2 in.
A over 11/2 to 4 in.
A, heavy hex
B, 1/4 to 4 in.
A, heavy hex
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 Supplementary Requirement S1 of an optional nature is provided, which describes additional restrictions to be applied when bolts are to be welded. It shall apply only when specified in the inquiry, order, and contract.
1.6 Terms used in this specification are defined in Terminology unless otherwise defined herein.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
A706/A706M Specification for Deformed and Plain Low-Alloy Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement
A751 Test Methods and Practices for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel
F606/F606M Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
F788 Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, Studs, and Rivets, Inch and Metric Series
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
F1554 Specification for Anchor Bolts, Steel, 36, 55, and 105-ksi Yield Strength
F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners
F2329/F2329M Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners
ASME StandardsB1.1 Unified Screw Threads B18.2.1 Square and Hex Bolts and Screws B18.24 Part Identifying Number (PIN) Code System B18.31.3 Threaded Rods (Inch Series)
ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)
UNSPSC Code 31161600(Bolts); 31163300(Studs)
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ASTM A307-21, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts, Studs, and Threaded Rod 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top