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This specification covers martensitic chromium stainless steel forgings, forged bars, and forging stock for high-temperature service. The mechanical properties are developed by suitable heat treatment, as indicated for each alloy. Steel materials shall be manufactured by melting and forging processes, and heat treatments, that shall consist of austenizing, quenching, tempering, and stress relieving. Stainless steels may then be furnished in one of the following hot-finished conditions: as forged without descaling; forged and descaled; rough turned or rough machined. Specimens shall conform to required chemical compositions. Forgings shall undergo tension, impact, stress rapture, and hardness tests, and should conform to mechanical properties prescribed for individual grades and classes. These mechanical properties are: tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction of area, impact strength, and Brinell and Rockwell hardness.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers martensitic chromium stainless steel forgings, forged bar, and forging stock for high temperature service. The mechanical properties are developed by suitable heat treatment, as indicated for each alloy.
1.2 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.3 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for use at the option of the purchaser. The supplementary requirements shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the purchase order or contract.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E292 Test Methods for Conducting Time-for-Rupture Notch Tension Tests of Materials
E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings
E562 Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
UNSPSC Code 31132600(Stainless steel forgings)
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ASTM A1021 / A1021M-20, Standard Specification for Martensitic Stainless Steel Forgings and Forging Stock for High-Temperature Service, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top