Thermal Insulation Standards

    ASTM's thermal insulation standards are instrumental in specifying and evaluating the materials and methods used to reduce the rate of heat transfer. The flow of heat can be delayed by understanding the conductive, convective, and/or radiative behavior of the material in consideration. Such materials include cements, fiber boards, glass blocks, coatings, and blankets, to name a few. These thermal insulation standards help laboratories, device and equipment manufacturers, construction companies, and industrial firms, and other groups of people that deal with thermal insulating materials and procedures in examining these respective materials for efficiency.


    List of Thermal Insulation Standards developed by ASTM:


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    Blanket and Loose Fill Insulation
    DesignationTitle
    C516 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Vermiculite Loose Fill Thermal Insulation
    C549 - 18
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Perlite Loose Fill Insulation
    C553 - 13(2019)
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Commercial and Industrial Applications
    C592 - 16
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)
    C665 - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing
    C739 - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation
    C764 - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation
    C800 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation (Aircraft Type)
    C892 - 19
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    Standard Specification for High-Temperature Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation
    C991 - 16
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Flexible Fibrous Glass Insulation for Metal Buildings
    C1014 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Spray-Applied Mineral Fiber Thermal and Sound Absorbing Insulation
    C1015 - 17
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    Standard Practice for Installation of Cellulosic and Mineral Fiber Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation
    C1071 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Fibrous Glass Duct Lining Insulation (Thermal and Sound Absorbing Material)
    C1086 - 20
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    Standard Specification for Glass Fiber Mechanically Bonded Felt Thermal Insulation
    C1149 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Self-Supported Spray Applied Cellulosic Thermal Insulation
    C1290 - 16
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    Standard Specification for Flexible Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation Used to Externally Insulate HVAC Ducts
    C1320 - 20
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    Standard Practice for Installation of Mineral Fiber Batt and Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction
    C1497 - 16
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    Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber Stabilized Thermal Insulation
    C1630 - 19
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    Standard Guide for Development of Coverage Charts for Loose-Fill Thermal Building Insulations
    C1685 - 15
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    Standard Specification for Pneumatically Applied High-Temperature Fiber Thermal Insulation for Industrial Applications
    C1728 - 20b
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    Standard Specification for Flexible Aerogel Insulation
    Chemical and Physical Properties
    DesignationTitle
    C163 - 05(2016)
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    Standard Practice for Mixing Thermal Insulating Cement Samples
    C166 - 05(2016)
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    Standard Test Method for Covering Capacity and Volume Change Upon Drying of Thermal Insulating Cement
    C356 - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
    C390 - 08(2019)
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    Standard Practice for Sampling and Acceptance of Thermal Insulation Lots
    C411 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Hot-Surface Performance of High-Temperature Thermal Insulation
    C447 - 15
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    Standard Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
    C692 - 13(2018)
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    Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Influence of Thermal Insulations on External Stress Corrosion Cracking Tendency of Austenitic Stainless Steel
    C870 - 11(2017)
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    Standard Practice for Conditioning of Thermal Insulating Materials
    C871 - 18
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    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Thermal Insulation Materials for Leachable Chloride, Fluoride, Silicate, and Sodium Ions
    C1304 - 18
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    Standard Test Method for Assessing the Odor Emission of Thermal Insulation Materials
    C1338 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Determining Fungi Resistance of Insulation Materials and Facings
    C1485 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using an Electric Radiant Heat Energy Source
    C1617 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Quantitative Accelerated Laboratory Evaluation of Extraction Solutions Containing Ions Leached from Thermal Insulation on Aqueous Corrosion of Metals
    Homogeneous Inorganic Thermal Insulations
    DesignationTitle
    C195 - 07(2019)
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    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Thermal Insulating Cement
    C196 - 00(2019)
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    Standard Specification for Expanded or Exfoliated Vermiculite Thermal Insulating Cement
    C449 - 07(2019)
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    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Hydraulic-Setting Thermal Insulating and Finishing Cement
    C450 - 18
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    Standard Practice for Fabrication of Thermal Insulating Fitting Covers for NPS Piping, and Vessel Lagging
    C533 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
    C547 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Pipe Insulation
    C552 - 17e1
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    Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation
    C585 - 10(2016)
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    Standard Practice for Inner and Outer Diameters of Thermal Insulation for Nominal Sizes of Pipe and Tubing
    C610 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Molded Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
    C612 - 14(2019)
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    Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation
    C656 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Structural Insulating Board, Calcium Silicate
    C726 - 17
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    Standard Specification for Mineral Wool Roof Insulation Board
    C795 - 08(2018)
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
    C929 - 14(2019)
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    Standard Practice for Handling, Transporting, Shipping, Storage, Receiving, and Application of Thermal Insulation Materials For Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
    C1393 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Perpendicularly Oriented Mineral Fiber Roll and Sheet Thermal Insulation for Pipes and Tanks
    C1676/C1676M - 19
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    Standard Specification for Microporous Thermal Insulation
    C1902 - 20Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Insulation Used in Building and Roof Applications
    Insulation Finishes and Moisture
    DesignationTitle
    C419 - 20
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    Standard Practice for Making and Curing Test Specimens of Mastic Thermal Insulation Coatings
    C461 - 17
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    Standard Test Methods for Mastics and Coatings Used With Thermal Insulation
    C488 - 16
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    Standard Test Method for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Finishes for Thermal Insulation
    C647 - 19
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    Standard Guide to Properties and Tests of Mastics and Coating Finishes for Thermal Insulation
    C755 - 20
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    Standard Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
    C916 - 20
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    Standard Specification for Adhesives for Duct Thermal Insulation
    C921 - 10(2015)
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    Standard Practice for Determining the Properties of Jacketing Materials for Thermal Insulation
    C1104/C1104M - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Vapor Sorption of Unfaced Mineral Fiber Insulation
    C1134 - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Water Retention of Rigid Thermal Insulations Following Partial Immersion
    C1136 - 17a
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    Standard Specification for Flexible, Low Permeance Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
    C1258 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Elevated Temperature and Humidity Resistance of Vapor Retarders for Insulation
    C1263 - 95(2015)
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    Standard Test Method for Thermal Integrity of Flexible Water Vapor Retarders
    C1498 - 04a(2016)
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    Standard Test Method for Hygroscopic Sorption Isotherms of Building Materials
    C1511 - 15
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    Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Retention (Repellency) Characteristics of Fibrous Glass Insulation (Aircraft Type)
    C1512 - 10(2020)
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    Standard Test Method for Characterizing the Effect of Exposure to Environmental Cycling on Thermal Performance of Insulation Products
    C1559 - 15
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    Standard Test Method for Determining Wicking of Fibrous Glass Blanket Insulation (Aircraft Type)
    C1616 - 07(2018)
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    Standard Test Method for Determining the Moisture Content of Organic and Inorganic Insulation Materials by Weight
    C1699 - 09(2015)
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    Standard Test Method for Moisture Retention Curves of Porous Building Materials Using Pressure Plates
    C1763 - 20
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    Standard Test Method for Water Absorption by Immersion of Thermal Insulation Materials
    C1785 - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Concentration of Pinhole Detections in Moisture Barriers on Metal Jacketing
    C1794 - 19
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    Standard Test Methods for Determination of the Water Absorption Coefficient by Partial Immersion
    C1878 - 19Standard Test Method for Surface Water Resistance of Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
    E96/E96M - 16
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    Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
    Insulation Systems
    DesignationTitle
    C667 - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Prefabricated Reflective Insulation Systems for Equipment and Pipe Operating at Temperatures above Ambient Air
    C740/C740M - 13(2019)
    See all versions

    Standard Guide for Evacuated Reflective Insulation In Cryogenic Service
    C846 - 16
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Application of Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board for Wall Sheathing
    C930 - 19
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    Standard Classification of Potential Health and Safety Concerns Associated With Thermal Insulation Materials and Accessories
    C945 - 05(2017)
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    Standard Practice for Design Considerations and Spray Application of a Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Insulation System on Outdoor Service Vessels
    C950/C950M - 08(2017)
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Repair of a Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Insulation System on Outdoor Service Vessels
    C1146 - 09(2018)
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    Standard Guide for Prefabricated Panel and H-bar Insulation Systems for Vessels, Ducts and Equipment Operating at Temperatures Above Ambient Air
    C1409 - 12(2018)
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    Standard Guide for Measuring and Estimating Quantities of Insulated Piping and Components
    C1423 - 16
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    Standard Guide for Selecting Jacketing Materials for Thermal Insulation
    C1639 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Fabrication Of Cellular Glass Pipe And Tubing Insulation
    C1695 - 20
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    Standard Specification for Fabrication of Flexible Removable and Reusable Blanket Insulation for Hot Service
    C1696 - 20
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    Standard Guide for Industrial Thermal Insulation Systems
    C1710 - 20
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    Standard Guide for Installation of Flexible Closed Cell Preformed Insulation in Tube and Sheet Form
    C1729 - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Aluminum Jacketing for Insulation
    C1729M - 19
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    Standard Specification for Aluminum Jacketing for Insulation
    C1767 - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Jacketing for Insulation
    C1767M - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Jacketing for Insulation
    C1775 - 14
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    Standard Specification for Laminate Protective Jacket and Tape for Use over Thermal Insulation for Outdoor Applications
    C1809 - 20
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    Standard Practice for Preparation of Specimens and Reporting of Results for Permeance Testing of Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Sealed Joints in Insulation Vapor Retarders
    C1822 - 15Standard Specification for Insulating Covers on Accessible Lavatory Piping
    C1848 - 17a
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    Standard Practice for Installation of High-Pressure Spray Polyurethane Foam Insulation for the Building Enclosure
    Mechanical Properties
    DesignationTitle
    C165 - 07(2017)
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    Standard Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulations
    C167 - 18
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    Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Blanket or Batt Thermal Insulations
    C203 - 05a(2017)
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    Standard Test Methods for Breaking Load and Flexural Properties of Block-Type Thermal Insulation
    C209 - 20
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    Standard Test Methods for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board
    C240 - 20
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    Standard Test Methods for Testing Cellular Glass Insulation Block
    C303 - 10(2016)e1
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    Standard Test Method for Dimensions and Density of Preformed Block and Board–Type Thermal Insulation
    C421 - 08(2020)
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    Standard Test Method for Tumbling Friability of Preformed Block-Type and Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation
    C520 - 15(2020)
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    Standard Test Methods for Density of Granular Loose Fill Insulations
    C550 - 15(2020)
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    Standard Test Method for Measuring Trueness and Squareness of Rigid Block and Board Thermal Insulation
    C686 - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Parting Strength of Mineral Fiber Batt- and Blanket-Type Insulation
    C1101/C1101M - 06(2017)
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    Standard Test Methods for Classifying the Flexibility or Rigidity of Mineral Fiber Blanket and Board Insulation
    C1335 - 12(2017)
    See all versions

    Standard Test Method for Measuring Non-Fibrous Content of Man-Made Rock and Slag Mineral Fiber Insulation
    C1374 - 18
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    Standard Test Method for Determination of Installed Thickness of Pneumatically Applied Loose-Fill Building Insulation
    C1574 - 04(2018)
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    Standard Guide for Determining Blown Density of Pneumatically Applied Loose-Fill Mineral Fiber Thermal Insulation
    Organic and Nonhomogeneous Inorganic Thermal Insulations
    DesignationTitle
    C208 - 12(2017)e2
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    Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board
    C534/C534M - 20a
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    Standard Specification for Preformed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
    C578 - 19
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    Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
    C591 - 20
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    Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation
    C728 - 17a
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Perlite Thermal Insulation Board
    C1029 - 20
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Spray-Applied Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Thermal Insulation
    C1126 - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Faced or Unfaced Rigid Cellular Phenolic Thermal Insulation
    C1289 - 20
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board
    C1410 - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Cellular Melamine Thermal and Sound-Absorbing Insulation
    C1427 - 16
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Extruded Preformed Flexible Cellular Polyolefin Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form
    C1482 - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Polyimide Flexible Cellular Thermal and Sound Absorbing Insulation
    C1484 - 10(2018)
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Vacuum Insulation Panels
    C1534 - 20a
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Flexible Polymeric Foam Sheet Insulation Used as a Thermal and Sound Absorbing Liner for Duct Systems
    C1594 - 11(2017)
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Polyimide Rigid Cellular Thermal Insulation
    Reflective Insulation
    DesignationTitle
    C727 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Installation and Use of Reflective Insulation in Building Constructions
    C1224 - 15(2020)
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    Standard Specification for Reflective Insulation for Building Applications
    C1313/C1313M - 13(2019)
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Sheet Radiant Barriers for Building Construction Applications
    C1321 - 15(2020)
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Installation and Use of Interior Radiation Control Coating Systems (IRCCS) in Building Construction
    C1340/C1340M - 10(2015)
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Estimation of Heat Gain or Loss Through Ceilings Under Attics Containing Radiant Barriers by Use of a Computer Program
    C1483/C1483M - 17
    See all versions

    Standard Specification for Exterior Solar Radiation Control Coatings on Buildings
    C1668 - 20
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    Standard Specification for Externally Applied Reflective Insulation Systems on Rigid Duct in Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
    C1743 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Installation and Use of Radiant Barrier Systems (RBS) in Residential Building Construction
    C1744 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Installation and Use of Radiant Barrier Systems (RBS) in Commercial/Industrial Building Construction
    Terminology
    DesignationTitle
    C168 - 19
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    Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
    Thermal Measurement
    DesignationTitle
    C177 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
    C335/C335M - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
    C518 - 17
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    Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
    C653 - 17
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    Standard Guide for Determination of the Thermal Resistance of Low-Density Blanket-Type Mineral Fiber Insulation
    C680 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
    C687 - 18
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    Standard Practice for Determination of Thermal Resistance of Loose-Fill Building Insulation
    C835 - 06(2020)
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    Standard Test Method for Total Hemispherical Emittance of Surfaces up to 1400°C
    C1043 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Guarded-Hot-Plate Design Using Circular Line-Heat Sources
    C1044 - 16(2020)
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    Standard Practice for Using a Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus or Thin-Heater Apparatus in the Single-Sided Mode
    C1045 - 19
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    Standard Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions
    C1046 - 95(2013)
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    Standard Practice for In-Situ Measurement of Heat Flux and Temperature on Building Envelope Components
    C1055 - 20
    See all versions

    Standard Guide for Heated System Surface Conditions that Produce Contact Burn Injuries
    C1057 - 17
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    Standard Practice for Determination of Skin Contact Temperature from Heated Surfaces Using a Mathematical Model and Thermesthesiometer
    C1058/C1058M - 10(2015)
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
    C1060 - 11a(2015)
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    Standard Practice for Thermographic Inspection of Insulation Installations in Envelope Cavities of Frame Buildings
    C1114 - 06(2019)
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    Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Thin-Heater Apparatus
    C1129 - 17
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    Standard Practice for Estimation of Heat Savings by Adding Thermal Insulation to Bare Valves and Flanges
    C1130 - 17
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    Standard Practice for Calibration of Thin Heat Flux Transducers
    C1153 - 10(2015)
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    Standard Practice for Location of Wet Insulation in Roofing Systems Using Infrared Imaging
    C1155 - 95(2013)
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    Standard Practice for Determining Thermal Resistance of Building Envelope Components from the In-Situ Data
    C1199 - 14
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    Standard Test Method for Measuring the Steady-State Thermal Transmittance of Fenestration Systems Using Hot Box Methods
    C1303/C1303M - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Predicting Long-Term Thermal Resistance of Closed-Cell Foam Insulation
    C1363 - 19
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    Standard Test Method for Thermal Performance of Building Materials and Envelope Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box Apparatus
    C1371 - 15
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    Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers
    C1373/C1373M - 11(2017)
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Determination of Thermal Resistance of Attic Insulation Systems Under Simulated Winter Conditions
    C1549 - 16
    See all versions

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer
    C1667 - 15
    See all versions

    Standard Test Method for Using Heat Flow Meter Apparatus to Measure the Center-of-Panel Thermal Transmission Properties of Vacuum Insulation Panels
    C1774 - 13(2019)
    See all versions

    Standard Guide for Thermal Performance Testing of Cryogenic Insulation Systems
    C1784 - 20
    See all versions

    Standard Test Method for Using a Heat Flow Meter Apparatus for Measuring Thermal Storage Properties of Phase Change Materials and Products
    C1859 - 19
    See all versions

    Standard Practice for Determination of Thermal Resistance of Pneumatically Installed Loose-Fill Building Insulation (Behind Netting) for Enclosed Applications of the Building Thermal Envelope
    C1864 - 17e1
    See all versions

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance of Directionally Reflective Material Using Portable Solar Reflectometer


    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards