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Articulos escogidos en Español
 February 2005 ASTM International News
Workshop on Certified Reference Materials
Asbestos Control Standards Showcased in Tokyo
Unmanned Air Vehicles Conference
ASTM Nominating Committee Seeks Nominations for Board
U.S. DOT/ASTM International Workshop
Nominations Sought for W.T. Cavanaugh Award
ASTM International Contributes to Tsunami Relief Efforts
Annual Business Meeting
ANMET Assembly
New Manager in ASTM Global Cooperation Division

ASTM International and NIST Hold Workshop on Certified Reference Materials Development for the Metals Industry

The growing need for more – and better – certified reference materials for the metals industry that address increasingly stringent requirements for trace-element analysis was the focus of the November 2004 meeting of ASTM Committee E01 on Analytical Chemistry of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Md.

The three-day conference featured a workshop designed to explore the driving forces behind the high demand for certified reference materials (CRMs) for the metals industry. The workshop was a series of presentations by experts in standard test method development, reference material development, quality system assessment, and proficiency testing, followed by an open discussion of the ways in which NIST and commercial suppliers develop the CRMs needed by the metals industry. The workshop was organized and hosted by John R. Sieber, Ph.D., research chemist, NIST Analytical Chemistry Division.

Industry members discussed the challenges of providing analytical support for the many “mission critical” high-performance alloys developed for applications as diverse as medical implants, aerospace, transportation, packaging, nuclear applications, and national defense. In some cases, alloy producers must determine more than 20 elements in their products, many at trace levels.

Three major forces are driving the demand for CRMs: widespread use of rapid, instrumental methods of elemental analysis; requirements by quality system accreditors that laboratories use CRMs in their calibrations of both standard methods and in-house methods; and the growing need to determine elements at trace levels in alloys. Control of trace-level constituents is fueled by stringent engineering requirements and by the expanding scope of environmental regulations. Laboratories rely heavily on in-house test methods because producers are continuously developing new alloys. ASTM standard test methods cannot be developed until reference materials are available to validate the methods. In many instances, the CRMs are expensive to produce and the sales market limited due to the small number of alloy producers and their customers. Trace element certification is especially difficult and costly.

The workshop resulted in a number of ideas and action items that can be summed up as a consensus that the parties will work together more closely to focus on the greatest technical challenges for certification of metals CRMs. Committee E01 will provide technical champions to help formulate CRM development projects and committee members will seek out resources among industry associations and within the ASTM A (ferrous metals) and B (nonferrous metals) specification writing committees in an effort to increase the resources available from both alloy producers and alloy consumers. Existing CRMs (including both NIST SRMs and commercial products) will be targeted for improvement through the certification by NIST of critical trace elements for which no certified values are available. Also discussed was the concept of CRM producers contracting to have NIST validate the values assigned to commercial CRMs through an approach similar to the NIST Traceable Reference Material Program for gas standards.

Recognizing that a continuous effort is required to promote progress, the management of the NIST Analytical Chemistry Division and the Executive Subcommittee of ASTM Committee E01 agreed to a goal of increased frequency of interaction. //

Asbestos Control Standards Showcased In Tokyo

The asbestos control standards of ASTM International Committee E06 on Performance of Buildings were featured at the Global Asbestos Congress in Tokyo, Japan, on Nov. 19 - 21, 2004. The latest of these standards, E 2394, Practice for Maintenance, Renovation and Repair of Installed Asbestos Cement Products, was the topic of a presentation by Andy Oberta, chairman of Task Group E06.24.03 on Asbestos Management.

GAC2004 was sponsored and supported by the Japan Occupational Safety and Health Resource Center, and numerous medical research, labor, government and community organizations worldwide. The conference provided a forum for over 800 delegates from Japan and 40 other countries to exchange information and strategies on obtaining medical treatment, compensation and other support for those who have been exposed to asbestos fibers in their work, homes and communities. “This conference is about people,” Oberta says, “and it drives home the reason we have regulations and controls for working with asbestos-containing materials. I met women who lost their husbands to diseases caused by asbestos fibers, reminding me why ASTM has developed these standards.”

The standards to which he refers include E 2394 as well as E 2356, Practice for Comprehensive Building Asbestos Surveys, and E 1368, Practice for Visual Inspection of Asbestos Abatement Projects. Practice E 2356 explains how to find asbestos-containing materials in buildings and how to decide whether to manage it in place or remove it. Practice E 1368 provides procedures for verifying that an abatement project has been properly conducted.

Practice E 2394 was developed with the international workforce in mind and includes procedures for small tasks where asbestos-cement products cannot be removed but must be disturbed by drilling, cutting or other work to perform routine maintenance and repairs. The worldwide importance of E 2394 comes from the fact that 85 to 90 percent of the chrysotile asbestos (the most common form of the fiber) is used in cement products such as roofing, siding and pipes, according to an asbestos industry publication. In Poland, for example, 1.3 x 109 m2 (13,943,000,000 ft2) of asbestos-cement roofing remains installed and over 100,000 metric tons (110,200 tons) of asbestos-cement sheet has been used in cooling towers and other industrial applications.

Minimizing future exposure to asbestos fibers was the theme of the session on “Identification, Management and Removal of Existing Asbestos,” during which Oberta presented a paper titled “A New Standard for Repair and Maintenance of Installed Asbestos-Cement Materials.” He described the rationale behind E 2394, such as wetting the asbestos-cement materials to control fiber release and using hand tools wherever possible instead of relying on mechanical devices that may not be available or maintainable in developing countries.

During the conference, Oberta met with representatives of the Japanese Standards Association, who graciously provided a Japanese-language translation of his slides as a handout for his session. Plans are under way for training courses in Japan on the use of all three E06 asbestos control standards, and meetings that Oberta held with delegates from several developing countries laid a foundation for similar courses elsewhere in the world. //

ASTM International Represented at Unmanned Air Vehicle Conference

ASTM International Director of Corporate Development Pat Picariello spoke at the Unmanned Air Vehicle Technical Analysis and Applications Center 2004 Conference in Santa Ana Pueblo, N.M., on Dec. 2, 2004. Picariello’s session focused on the role of ASTM International as a developer of global standards and the establishment, work product, and vision of ASTM International Committee F38 on Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems.

The theme of the conference was Coming of Age: Integration and Interdependence. TAAC 2004 was a threeday conference, featuring a day of classified sessions followed by a two-day discussion and presentation forum. TAAC 2004 provided an understanding of the accelerated UAV requirements and technology environment leading to integration and interdependence.

Dyke Weatherington, deputy, unmanned aerial vehicle planning task force, office of the secretary of defense, was chairman and keynote speaker of the conference. Conference topics included Middle East and other UAV operations, next generation UAV technologies, intelligence integration, battlefield air operations kit, assured reference technology, distributed common ground system and the global information grid, congressional perspectives on UAVs, the UAV roadmap 2004, vision for small UAVs, small/micro UAV military systems, medium and high altitude UAV military systems — acquisition and development programs, Defense Science Board recommendations, homeland security, sense and avoid systems, standards and common tools, and UAVs in the National Airspace System.

Branches of the Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, other federal agencies, and industry provided briefings on a wide variety of UAV programs, requirements, and operations. An additional keynote address was provided by Major General Kenneth Israel (Ret.), vice president, Architecture Development, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, which focused on the recent Defense Science Board report on UAVs.

The UAV Technical Analysis and Applications Center is a business unit of the Physical Science Laboratory, New Mexico State University, located in Las Cruces, N.M. The TAAC offers a wide range of services to the UAV industry, including research and development, engineering, flight and test planning and operations, analysis, and simulation. TAAC offers routine access to the National Airspace System through its local, regional, and high-altitude, long-endurance airspace. //

Nominating Committee Welcomes Suggestions for ASTM Board

The ASTM Nominating Committee, appointed annually by the ASTM board of directors, welcomes suggestions from the ASTM membership for candidates for the following positions on the 2006 board of directors:

• Chairman (one-year term);
• Vice chairman (two-year term); and
• Six directors (three-year terms).

Complete biographical information including candidate’s name, title, business address, education, as well as candidate’s professional experience, affiliations, honors and awards should be sent to ASTM Nominating Committee, Attn: Maureen Houck, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428.

Nominations must be received by April 1. Contact Maureen Houck if you need further information (phone: 610/832-9594). //

ASTM International Participates in Workshop with U.S. Department of Transportation

ASTM International staff managers Jim Olshefsky and Dan Smith conducted a joint workshop with Tim Klein, standards executive, United States Department of Transportation, during the December 2004 ASTM Committee Week in Washington, D.C. Approximately 50 ASTM members of transportation-related committees (C01 on Cement, C09 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates, D04 on Road and Paving Materials, E17 on Vehicle-Pavement Systems, and F25 on Ships and Marine Technology) attended the workshop, which was a successful information exchange in which attendees learned more about how ASTM is enhancing its relationship with the DOT and how the DOT is working toward using non-government standards as required by the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act.

The goals of the workshop were to teach participants about the role of the federal standards executive; the U.S. DOT’s policy, obligations and implementation under the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act; and how to utilize the tools and resources available from both ASTM and DOT to ensure continued success for both.

Smith says that the workshop, which was similar to a joint program given by ASTM and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at the April 2004 ASTM Committee Week, was a success. “The ASTM/DOT workshop gave participants the opportunity to learn how both organizations can work together to achieve common goals,” says Smith. //

Nominations Sought for William T. Cavanaugh Memorial Award

Nominations are sought for the William T. Cavanaugh Memorial Award. Established in 1987, this award is granted to a person of widely recognized eminence in the voluntary standards system who may or may not be a member of ASTM. The title of honorary member is bestowed upon recipients of this award.

Nominations should contain a citation of 25 words or less, career background, and details on the candidate’s outstanding contributions within ASTM at the Society level as well as to other standards development or professional societies. All offices and special positions held in each organization should be identified, and accomplishments to advance the efforts of the global standards community specifically identified.

Nominations must be received by April 1. Send nominations to the Executive Committee, c/o the President’s Office, ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428. Contact Maureen Houck for a copy of the award criteria or if you need additional information (phone: 610/832-9594). //

ASTM International Contributes to Tsunami Relief Efforts

The ASTM International board of directors has approved a donation of $50,000 to be divided between the AmeriCares Foundation and CARE USA to aid in their relief efforts following the devastating earthquake and tsunami that took place in Southeast Asia on Dec. 26, 2004. ASTM staff members were given the opportunity to add their own contribution to that of the organization.

AmeriCares is a nonprofit disaster relief and humanitarian aid organization that provides immediate response for emergency medical needs in the wake of disasters around the world. CARE works in over 70 countries to find lasting solutions to poverty.

“The staff and membership of ASTM International join the rest of the international community in expressing our condolences to those affected in all countries by the disaster in Southeast Asia,” said ASTM International President Jim Thomas.

“With a loss of this magnitude, it is vitally important that donations aid both the immediate humanitarian needs of those affected, as well as working toward reconstruction efforts throughout the area,” said ASTM Chairman of the Board N. David Smith. “We feel that the organizations that we’ve chosen to direct these funds to are capable of doing both.” //

Annual Business Meeting

The 2005 Annual Business Meeting will be featured during the Wednesday, May 18, ASTM members’ breakfast at the May Committee Week meetings in Reno, Nev. The complimentary breakfast begins at 7:00 a.m. at the Hilton Reno Resort. Contact Maureen Houck, ASTM, for further information (phone: 610/832-9594). //

ANMET Assembly Focuses on High Quality Standards

ASTM International was represented at the third general assembly of the APEC Network for Materials Evaluation Technology (ANMET) in December 2004 by Drew Azzara, vice president, corporate development. The meeting occurred Dec. 1 - 3, 2004, at the Centro Nacional de Metrologia in Queretaro, Mexico.

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is an organization made up of metrology organizations from countries in the trading region that surrounds the Pacific Ocean. Countries represented at the conference included Australia, Canada, People’s Republic of China, Chinese Taipei, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Phillippines, Thailand, the United States, and Vietnam. Azzara, who was one of several speakers at the conference, spoke about the high quality of ASTM standards, round robin programs, and proficiency testing.

“ASTM International is pleased to be part of a conference that featured such an open exchange of ideas on standardization,” Azzara said. //

Hychalk Takes Position of Manager in ASTM International’s Global Cooperation Division

ASTM International’s Jessica Hychalk has been promoted to manager, global cooperation, in ASTM’s Global Cooperation Division. In this newly created position, Hychalk will support and promote ASTM’s international initiatives and outreach. Through active liaison, Hychalk will establish and maintain working relationships and promote ASTM International, its capabilities and its services, to other national and international organizations consistent with the goals and objectives of ASTM International’s global cooperation and outreach efforts.

Hychalk, who is proficient in Spanish, has bachelor’s degrees in both English and Spanish from Ursinus College. She has worked at ASTM since August 2003 as a customer relations representative in the publications and marketing division. //

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