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    Elemental Analysis of Fuels and Lubricants: Recent Advances and Future Prospects

    Nadkarni RAK
    Published: 2005

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    Twenty-three peer-reviewed papers examine the latest information on the elemental analysis of fuels and lubricants. Six sections cover:

    Overview—discusses total quality management practices advocated for obtaining a "perfect" analysis, including proper staff training, sampling, calibration and quality control practices.

    Atomic Spectroscopy—focuses on various aspects of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), mass spectrometry, and isotope dilution mass spectrometry.

    X-Ray Spectroscopy—deals with X-ray fluorescence (XRF), including the determination of sulfur in gasoline and diesel, high-power and low-power wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence (WDXRFs), and bench top energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF).

    Sulfur Analysis—examines the analyses of low levels of sulfur in petroleum products, particularly gasoline, reformulated gasoline, and diesel; and applications of on-line technology for sulfur determination in fuels.

    Mercury Determination—addresses concerns regarding the mercury content of crude oils and its emission through the petroleum refining process.

    Other Heteroatoms—discusses the use of atomic emission detection using gas chromatography (AED-GS) to determine elements such as carbon, nitrogen, etc., and much more.

    Table of Contents

    Zen and the Art (or is it Science) of a Perfect Analysis

    Analysis of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Using Pneumatic Nebulizer and Standard Spray Chamber

    Elemental Analysis of Lubricating Grease by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)

    The Use of Microwave Digestion and ICP to Determine Elements in Petroleum Samples

    Advances in ICP-MS Technologies for Characterization and Ultra-Trace Speciation as a Tool for the Petroleum Industry

    Direct Trace and Ultra-Trace Metals Determination in Crude Oil and Fractions by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

    Fuel Analysis by Filter Furnace Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    Rotrode Filter Spectroscopy: A Recently Improved Method to Detect and Analyze Large Wear and Contaminant Particles in Fluids

    Trace Levels of Sulfur in the Fuels of the Future: Analytical Perspective

    Analysis of Fuels, Lubricants, and Greases Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Determination of Sulfur Content in Crude Oil Using On-Li ne X-ray Transmission Technology

    Low-Level Sulfur in Fuel Determination Using Monochromatic WD XRF—ASTM D 7039-04

    Latest Improvements on Using Polarized X-Ray Excitation EDXRF for the Analysis of Low Sulfur Content in Automotive Fuel

    Rapid Determination of Suifur in Liquid Hydrocarbons for At-Line Process Applications Using Combustion/Oxidation and UV-Fluorescence Detection

    Pyro-Electrochemical On-Line Ultra Low Sulfur Analyzer

    DP-SCD and LTMGC for Determination of Low Sulfur Levels in Hydrocarbons

    Sampling and Analysis of Mercury in Crude Oil

    Determination of Total Mercury in Crude Oil by Combustion Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CVAAS)

    Mercury Measurements in Fossil Fuels, Particularly Petrochemicals

    Recent Advances in Gas Chromatographic/Atomic Emission Hetero-Atom Selective Detection for Characterization of Petroleum Streams and Products

    Improvements in the Determination of Fluorine in Fuel and Lubricants by Oxidative Combustion and Ion-Selective Electrode Detection

    Phosphorus Additive Chemistry and Its Effects on the Phosphorus Volatility of Engine Oils

    Analysis of the Volatiles Generated During the Selby-Noack Test by 31P NMR Spectroscopy

    Committee: D02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1468-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5509-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3494-2