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    Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Science, Policy, and Standardization—Implications for Environmental Decisions: Tenth Volume

    Greenberg BM, Hull RN, Roberts MH, Gensemer RW
    Published: 2000

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    The latest volume in this ASTM series explores the advancements in the field of environmental toxicology and risk assessment, including methods of carrying scientific findings forward to sound policy decisions. 25 papers in 6 sections cover:

    Aquatic Toxicology--examines the ionic composition in water used in toxicity tests and how that impacts on metal toxicity; how modified PAHs impact on EROD levels; how UV radiation in natural aquatic settings impacts on photosynthesis in phytoplankton; and ship channel contaminant assessment.

    Interface Between Policy, Science and Risk Assessment--addresses the use appropriate data in environmental modeling; statistical procedures to find the real ecological risk drivers; comparisons of fish and human toxicity; and statistical evaluation of terrestrial non-target organisms.

    ASTM Standards and Their Applications--focuses on how ASTM standards can be used in science and policy.

    Biomonitoring of Sediments and Aquatic Systems--deals with an extension of the Microtox assay; assessing PAH bioavailability at off-shore oil wells; a new powerful molecular bioindicator; a comparison of EROD and fibronectin levels; and toxicity of photomodified polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures in contaminated sediments.

    Current Issues In Soil Toxicity and Remediation--discusses how important the evaluation of soil toxicity is becoming, and how such contaminated sites can be cleaned for reuse.

    New Directions in Environmental Assessment and Recovery--explores how to use environmental assessment data to make decisions on risk and restoration.

    Table of Contents

    Importance of Ionic Composition of Reconstituted Laboratory Test Water in Interpreting Metal Toxicity Test Results

    Ability of the Quinones Arising from the UV Irradiation of Anthracene to Induce 7-Ethoxyresorufin-O-Deethylase Activity in a Trout Liver Cell Line

    Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Bioindicator of Photosynthesis Inhibition from Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Plants and Algae

    Estero Salado / Guayaquil Ship Channel Contaminant Assessment

    Potential Implications of Inappropriate Assumption Selection on Environmental Modelling Results: An RBCA Case Study

    A Probabilistic Analysis to Determine Ecological Risk Drivers

    Embryotoxicity of Arsenic Trioxide and Atrazine to Japanese Medaka (Oryzias latipes), and Cytotoxicity to Human Liver Carcinoma Cells (HepG2)

    Statistical Evaluation of the UTAB Database for Use in Terrestrial Nontarget Organism Probabilistic Risk Assessments

    Harmonization of Test Methods Between the U.S. EPA (OPPTS) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD): General Overview of Recent Activities with Emphasis on Aquatic and Sediment Methods

    Harmonization of Plant Toxicity Tests

    The Influence of Four Types of Water on Seedling Emergence and Growth of Barley and the Toxic Interaction with Copper Sulfate

    Comparison of Short- and Long-Term Assays to Detect Toxicity of Anthracene to a Luminescent Bacteria

    Monitoring Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Bioavailability Near Offshore Produced Water Discharges

    Differential Display Polymerase Chain Reaction and Gene Expression in Copper-Exposed Daphnia magna

    Examination of EROD Activity and Fibronectin Levels in Lake Whitefish as Biomarkers of Neoplasia

    Occurrence and Toxicity of Photomodified Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures Present in Contaminated Sediments

    Metal LC50s of a Soil Nematode Compared to Published Earthworm Data

    Terrestrial Toxicity Testing with Volatile Substances

    Passive Sampling Devices (PSDs) as Biological Surrogates for Estimating the Bioavailability of Organic Chemicals in Soil

    Combining Remediation Techniques Increases Kinetics for Removal of Persistent Organic Contaminants from Soil

    If Not Recovery, Then What?

    Laboratory and Field Approaches to Characterize the Soil Ecotoxicology of Polynitro Explosives

    Synergistic Toxicity of a Mixture of 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone and Copper on the Aquatic Plant Lemna gibba

    Effects of Oil-Spill Bioremediation Strategies on the Survival, Growth and Reproductive Success of the Mystery Snail, Viviparus georgianus

    Development of a Method to Estimate the Mass and Toxic Bioavailabilities of Pentachlorophenol during its Transport through Saturated Porous Media

    Committee: E47

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1403-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5448-3

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2886-6