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    Flammability and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres: Ninth Volume

    Steinberg TA, Newton BE, Beeson HD
    Published: 2000

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    The ninth volume in this ongoing series features the latest data on oxygen compatibility, safe systems designs, and metallic and nonmetallic ignition and combustion processes. 32 peer-reviewed papers are divided into the following key areas:

    Overview--reviews and compares current test methods used in the selection of appropriate materials for use in oxygen service.

    Material Selection--investigates the appropriate use and selection of materials in oxygen-enriched atmospheres.

    Ignition and Combustion of Nonmetals--discusses the results of studies on the ignition and combustability of various polymeric materials with regard to age, oxidizing environments, and particle impact in high-pressure oxygen.

    Ignition and Combustion of Metals--examines ignition and combustion data for various metals at elevated temperatures, including carbon steels, stainless steels, nickel alloys, aluminum, and aluminum alloys.

    Analysis of Ignition and Combustion--details theoretical work related to the ignition and combustion of metals and nonmetals in oxygen–enriched atmospheres.

    Failure Analysis and Safety--covers forensic analysis of welding and medical regulator fires; training of emergency medical service personal in the U.S., Canada, and France; and the ignition potential of scuba systems.

    Structured Packings for Air Separation Plants--provides insight into the controlling mechanisms of the violent energy release and explores ignition-combustion data for aluminum packing and trayed columns in liquid oxygen. It also presents the results of a large experimental program investigating the flammability of brazed aluminum heat exchanger samples in both gaseous and liquid oxygen.

    Miscellaneous--includes a mix of subjects relevant to the study of material compatibility in oxygen-enriched atmospheres. Topics begin with a new promoted-ignition combustion system being used to study the flammability of metallic materials in gaseous oxygen and end with the use of autoignition temperature data to statistically predict the ignition sensitivity of nonmetallics when subjected to a pneumatic gaseous impact.

    Table of Contents

    A Review of Test Methods Used in the Selection of Materials for Oxygen Service: Keynote Address

    Comparison of the Dimensional Stability of Kel-F 81 and Neoflon CTFE M400H Polychlorotrifluoroethylenes Used in Valve Seat Applications

    Selection of Metal for Oxygen Valves

    Investigations about Oxygen Fires in Electronic Circuits of Medical Devices

    Polymer-Oxygen Compatibility Testing: Effect of Oxygen Aging on Ignition and Combustion Properties

    Ignitability in Air, Gaseous Oxygen, and Oxygen-Enriched Environments of Polymers Used in Breathing-Air Devices, Final Report

    Ignition Resistance of Polymeric Materials to Particle Impact in High-Pressure Oxygen

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Engineering Alloys at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Oxygen Gas Mixtures

    Ignition of Aluminum by Impact in LOX — Influence of Contaminants

    The Presence of Excess Oxygen in Burning Metallic Materials

    Discussion on Steel Burning in Oxygen (from a Steelmaking Metallurgist's Perspective)

    ASTM G 124 Test Data For Selected Al-Si Alloys, Al-Composites, Binary Alloys and Stainless Steels

    Igniter Effects on Metals Combustion Testing

    Potential Ignition Mechanism of Buna-N O-Rings in Liquid-Oxygen

    A Fluid Flow Analysis of the Gaseous Impact Test

    The Mechanisms of Smolder of Cellulosic Materials

    Adiabatic Compression of Oxygen: Real Fluid Temperatures

    Modeling the NASA/ASTM Flammability Test for Metallic Materials Burning in Reduced Gravity

    Failure Analysis of Aluminum-Bodied Medical Regulators

    Failure Investigation of a Welding Regulator Fire

    Emergency Oxygen in the United States, Canada, and France: Assuring Proper Training

    Evaluation of Contaminant-Promoted Ignition in Scuba Equipment and Breathing-Gas Delivery Systems

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Tests of Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchanger Samples in Gaseous and Liquid-Oxygen Environments

    Tests of Combustion of Aluminum Packing and Trayed Columns

    Flame Spreading and Violent Energy Release (VER) Processes of Aluminum Tubing in Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen Environments

    Determination of Hydrocarbon Adsorption on Solid CO2 and N2O in LOX at Ambient Pressure

    A Promoted Ignition Combustion Test Apparatus for Evaluating the Flammability of Metallic Materials

    Determination of Oxidizing Ability of Gases and Gas Mixtures

    Metals Flammability: Review and Model Analysis

    Test System to Study the Ignition of Metals by Polymers in Oxygen

    An Analysis of Autoignition Temperature Round Robin Test Data

    Predictability of Gaseous Impact Ignition Sensitivity from Autoignition Temperature Data

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: G04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1395-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5443-8

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2871-2