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    Pesticide Formulations and Application Systems: Eighteenth Volume

    Nalewaja JD, Goss GR, Tann RS
    Published: 1998

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    Pesticide Formulations and Application Systems: 18th Volume (STP 1347) provides 26 peer-reviewed papers from application, formulation, and synthesis professionals from academia, government, and industry. The volume is divided into three areas:

    Current Issues -- the impact of pesticide and insect resistant crops on pesticide and adjuvant usage and regulatory concerns; the advantages and disadvantages of transgenic crops and potential shifts in pesticide usage; basic principles of endocrine disruption, compounds considered disrupters; the activities of the Endocrine Disrupter Screening and Testing Advisory Committee that was established to help the EPA with guidelines for the Congressional set date of August 1999.

    Application Technology -- Innovations in pesticide spray applications; influence of species, spray volume, droplet size, adjuvant type and amount of spray retained; closed systems for spray application; spray distribution patterns; mechanism of spray droplet wetting and spreading; and surface tension affects on droplet spectrum.

    Pesticide Formulations and Adjuvants -- Various components for liquid, flowable, and granular pesticide formulations are discussed in several papers. The surface acidity of clay carriers relative to pesticide stability, the use of computer models for developing emusifiable formulations; rapid tests for adjuvant efficacy with specific herbicides; and the blends of dispersing agents and surfactants for suspension stability are specific topics addressed.

    Topics relating to adjuvant enhanced efficacy are adjuvant physicochemical properties; surfactant phytotoxicity to plants and cell suspensions; spray droplet retention and spread relative to efficacy with herbicides; potential of corn syrup as an adjuvant; and methods of evaluating adjuvant efficacy.

    For pesticide formulators, pesticide developers, agricultural consultants, weed, insect, and plant disease scientists. Also for general formulation chemists (as in the paint industry, pharmaceuticals, inks, etc.) and pesticide distributors.

    Table of Contents

    Changing Agricultural Practices and the Future of Pesticides and Adjuvants

    Endocrine Issues Update

    The Regulatory Role of the Applicator in Developing, Approving, Using, and Monitoring Pesticides

    Pest Control with Sprays — A Look into the Past and a Glimpse of the Future

    Direct Chemical Injection and Small Volume Returnable Container Technology

    Effects of Flow Rate and Rotational Speed on Performance of Two Rotary Atomizers

    Qualitative Properties of Spray Deposits — Patterns and Statistics

    Effects of Adjuvants and Dynamic Surface Tension on Spray Properties Under Simulated Aerial Conditions

    Spray Retention is Affected by Spray Parameters, Species, and Adjuvants

    Surfactants Differ in Their Effect on Droplet Retention, Droplet Spread, and Herbicide Efficacy

    Spreading Mechanisms of “Superwetters” on Hydrophobic Surfaces

    Trisiloxane Surfactants — Mechanisms of Spreading and Wetting

    Methyl Vinyl Ether Maleic Acid Half Ester Copolymers as Dispersing Agents in Aqueous Flowable Formulations

    Developing Emulsifiable Concentrate Formulations Using Droplet Size and Experimental Design Software

    Fatty Methyl Esters as Solvent Alternatives for Emulsifiable Concentrate Formulations

    Dearomatized Tailor Made Hydrocarbon Fluids in Pesticide Formulations

    Deactivated Clay Carrier

    Pesticide Stability Versus Clay Carrier Surface Acidity

    Liquid Matrices For Insecticides for “Pour On” Applications In Queous Medium — Amitraz as A Case Study

    Formulation and Delivery Systems for Enhanced and Extended Activity of Biopesticides

    Correlation of Adjuvant Physico-Chemical Properties and Glyphosate Efficacy

    Physico-Chemical Properties of Several Commercial Organosilicones, Their Blends, and Selected Other Adjuvants

    Methodology for Evaluation of Glyphosate Formulations

    Fluorescence as a Tool for Optimizing Adjuvants with a Photosynthesis-Inhibiting Herbicide

    Surfactant Phytotoxicity to Barley Plants and Calli

    The Potential of Corn Syrup as an Adjuvant for Postemergence Herbicides

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E35

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1347-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5392-9

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2491-2