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    Flammability and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres: Eighth Volume

    Chou TC, Royals WT, Steinberg TA
    Published: 1997

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    STP 1319 features cutting edge information on oxygen compatibility, safe systems designs, and modeling metallic and non metallic ignition and combustion processes. In addition to a major key note address on the need for safety codes in oxygen system piping, 34 comprehensive papers cover the following key areas:

    Failure Analysis and Safety-- papers highlight the importance of safety in oxygen systems, including two incident investigations

    Component Design and Development or Evaluation of Test Methods--Such issues as design methods to avoid hazards, and variables that impact the accurate replication of test results are explored in four papers.

    Ignition and Combustion of Metals--12 papers focus on areas including modeling aspects of the ignition and combustion process for metals in oxygen, characteristics of various alloys in oxygen, and reduced gravity tests for nine different metallic materials.

    Ignition and Combustion of Nonmetals--The compatibility of various polymers/elastomers in oxygen environments, new rail transport carriage material flammability studies and the results of a dynamic O-ring seal tester are among the concerns explored in 7 papers.

    A final miscellaneous section contains 5 papers ranging from the ignitibility of composites in liquid and gaseous oxygen to the development of data management systems for metallic and nonmetallic materials’ compatibility in oxygen-enriched environments.

    Table of Contents


    Oxygen Piping Code—Where Knowledge Becomes Practice: Keynote Address

    Total Water Demand for Suppression of Fires in Hypobaric Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres

    Inclusion of Oxygen Equipment Training in Workplace Basic First Aid Curricula

    Use of Oxygen-Enriched Mixtures in Recreational SCUBA Diving -- Is the Public Being Informed of the Risks?

    An Overview of Fatigue and Other Metallurgical Failure Modes and Analysis at the Kennedy Space Center

    Failure of Stainless Steel Check Valve in Oxygen Service

    Failure of PTFE-Lined Flexible Hose in Oxygen Service

    Factors Affecting the Reproducibility of Upward Propagation Pressure Thresholds of Metals in Gaseous Oxygen

    Design Strategies for Polymer-Lined Flex-Hose Distance/Volume Pieces

    A 6000 psig Gaseous Oxygen Impact Test System for Materials and Components Compatibility Evaluations

    Ultrasonic Measurement of the Regression Rate of the Melting Interface in Burning Metal Rods

    Ignition Resistance of Hard (Type III) Anodized Aluminum to Particle Impact

    Configurational Effects on the Combustion of Several Alloy Systems in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Alternative High Performance Engineering Alloys in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres

    Combustion Testing of Metallic Materials Aboard the NASA Johnson Space Center's KC-135

    Influence of Alloying Additions on the Flammability of Nickel-based Alloys in an Oxygen Environment

    Flammability Limits of Stainless Steel Alloys 304, 308, and 316

    Analysis of Metals Combustion Through Powder Production

    Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Burning Iron

    Modeling of Promoted-Ignition Burning: Aluminum

    Fundamentals of Metals Ignition in Oxygen

    Experimental Study of Flame-Spreading Processes Over Thin Aluminum Sheets

    Flammability Tests of Miniature Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchangers in Liquid Oxygen

    Oxygen Compatibility of Polymers Including TFE-Teflon®, Kel-F® 81, Vespel® SP-21, Viton® A, Viton® A-500, Fluorel®, Neoprene®, EPDM, Buna-N, and Nylon 6,6

    Oxygen Compatibility of FKM Elastomers

    Ignitibility in Air, Gaseous Oxygen and Oxygen-Enriched Environments of Polymers Used in Breathing-Air Devices

    Combustion Testing of Non-Metallic Materials in Ambient and Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres

    Fuel Cell Elastomeric Materials Oxygen Compatibility Testing: Effect of 450 and 6200 kPa Oxygen

    Characterization of Polymers Found in an Oxygen Environment

    Relative Performance of Elastomeric Materials in the Seal Configuration Test Apparatus

    Ignitibility of Advanced Composites in Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen

    Eliminating Bypass Valves in Selected Oxygen Systems

    Oil Migration on the Structured Packing by Evaporation and Recondensation During the Defrosting Operation in the Air Separation Unit

    A Database for Metallic and Nonmetallic Materials Commonly Utilized in Oxygen Service

    Flammability of Intestinal Gases During Nitrous Oxide Anesthesia

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: G04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1319-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5372-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2401-1