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    Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Modeling and Risk Assessment Sixth Volume

    Dwyer FJ, Doane TR, Hinman ML
    Published: 1997

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    The urgency and importance of properly conducting a risk assessment,and all the various attributes of the assessment, will remain a significant issue for years to come. STP 1317 explores the use of modeling in developing risk assessments for a variety of environmental situations, including human-health assessments, site-specific assessments, and ecosystem-level assessments.

    32 peer-reviewed papers examine several aspects to consider when conducting a risk assessment, including:

    • When is Risk Assessment the Right Tool?

    • Communication of Risk Assessment

    • Model Selection and Problem Analysis

    • Data Quality and Uncertainty.

    Table of Contents


    A Food Web Model of Mercury Transfer from Stream Sediment to Predators of Fish for Ecological Risk Based Clean-Up Goals

    Graphical Determination of Metal Bioavailability to Soil Invertebrates Utilizing the Langmuir Sorption Model

    Indicators of Chemical Stressor Levels Derived from Population Time Series: A Retrospective Modeling Approach

    Monte Carlo Simulation of Near-Source Dry Deposition

    Modeling the Effect of Toxicants on the Parameters of Dynamic Energy Budget Models

    Building Uncertainty Analysis into Environmental Risk Assessments of Chemicals Disposed Through Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Environmental Monitoring at Two Department of Energy Sites

    Ecotoxicity of Nitroaromatics to Aquatic and Terrestrial Species at Army Superfund Sites

    Ecological Risk Assessments of Priority Substances in Canada: Identification and Resolution of Difficult Issues

    Methods for Assessing Watershed-Scale Aquatic Risks for Multiple Stressors

    Screening Level Model for Vadose Zone and Ground Water Transport Evaluation

    The Influence of Floodplains on Mercury Availability

    Ecological Risk Assessment Procedures for U.S. Army Sites

    Predicting Dermal Absorption from Contact with Chemically Contaminated Soils

    Indirect Exposure Screening Model for Evaluating Contaminant Intake from Air Emissions Via Ingestion of Milk and Beef: Risk-Based Air Concentrations

    Prediction of Risk-Based Screening Levels for Infiltration of Volatile Subsurface Contaminants into Buildings

    Science, Science Policy, and Risk-Based Management

    Performance and Reliability of Intermedia Transfer Models Used in Human Exposure Assessment

    Biomarker Selection for Restoration Monitoring of Fishery Resources

    Macrophage Aggregates: Biomarker for Immune Function in Fishes?

    Development of Short-Term, Whole-Embryo Assays to Evaluate Detrimental Effects on Amphibian Limb Development and Metamorphosis Using Xenopus Laevis

    Preliminary Results Using the Early Embryo Teratogenesis Assay: A Comparison of Early Embryo Abnormalities with Late Embryo and Hatchling Teratogenic Changes

    Chick Embryo Limb Bud Cell Culture for Screening Environmental Contaminants

    An Overview of Metals Permitting Alternatives the Importance of Clean Chemistry Techniques for Trace Metal Sampling of Domestic Wastewater and Paper Mill Treated Effluents and Receiving Waters

    Significance of Experimental Design in Evaluating Ecological Hazards of Sediments/Soils to Amphibian Species

    Inhibition of Photosynthesis as an Endpoint for the Photoinduced Toxicity of Intact and Photomodified PAHs

    Evaluation of the Genotoxicity of Bioaccumulatable Contaminants in Sediments Using Co-Solvent Mobilization

    Development of Suitable Test Methods for Evaluating the Toxicity of Contaminated Soils to a Battery of Plant Species Relevant to Soil Environments in Canada

    A Field Screening Method Using Earthworms (Eisenia Foetida Andrei) to Evaluate Contaminated Soils

    Reference Toxicants for Toxicity Testing Using Caenorhabditis Elegans in Aquatic Media

    Age-Specific Sensitivity of Grass Shrimp (Palaemonetes Pugio) Embryos to Sublethal Concentrations of Diflubenzuron

    The Relationship Between Chronic Values in Toxicity Tests with Ceriodaphnia Dubia

    Appendix I: Special Technical Publications (STPs) of ASTM Committee E47 on Biological Effects and Environmental Fate

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E47

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1317-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5370-7

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2474-5