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    Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Biomarkers and Risk Assessment—Fifth Volume

    Henshel DS, Bengtson DA
    Published: 1996

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    Features the most up-to-date research on the diversity of biological measures of environmental stress exposure in every strata of living organisms.

    30 peer-reviewed papers from the world's leading experts in the field cover two key areas:

    Biomarkers --Comprehensive information on the various classes of biomarkers currently being researched and the types of vertebrates and invertebrates in which these techniques can be evaluated is presented in seventeen papers. Issues covered include: environmental estrogen impact; • chromosome translocation measurement; • mainstream and sidestream smoke exposure; • alterations in chicken embryo development; • and gross brain asymmetry evaluation.

    Aquatic and Sediment Toxicology, Behavior and Risk Assessment--A broad spectrum of information on the current issues in environmental toxicology and risk assessment is covered in 13 papers. Topics examined include: the sub lethal impact of toxicants as seen in behavior and functional effect; • quality assurance and toxicity identification in the context of laboratory toxicity testing; • and engineering challenges associated with volatile organic compounds (VOC).

    Table of Contents

    Vitellogenin as a Biomarker for Xenobiotic Estrogens: A Review

    Development of Antibodies to Teleost Vitellogenins: Potential Biomarkers for Environmental Estrogens

    Development of TIE Procedures for Complex Mixtures Using Physiological Responses in Fish

    Chemistry and Toxicity of Sediments from San Diego Bay, Including a Biomarker (P450 RGS) Response

    Protein Patterns and Toxicity Identification Using Artificial Neural Network Models

    Development of Cytochromes P450 in Avian Species as a Biomarker for Environmental Contaminant Exposure and Effect: Procedures and Baseline Values

    Chromosome Translocations Measured by Fluorescence In-Situ Hybridization: A Promising Biomarker

    Quantification of Dna Adducts in Small Fish Exposed to Alkylating Agents

    Genotoxicity of Model and Complex Mixtures of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Development and Characterization of an Elisa for trans-3-Hydroxycotinine, a Biomarker for Mainstream and Sidestream Smoke Exposure

    Fluorescence Induction as a Biomarker of Creosote Phototoxicity to the Aquatic Macrophyte Lemna Gibba

    Utilizing Biomarker Techniques: Cellular Membrane Potential as a Biomarker of Subchronic Toxicity

    Effect of Low-Level Copper and Pentachlorophenol Exposure on Various Early Life Stages of Xenopus Laevis

    Alterations in Chicken Embryonic Development as a Sensitive Indicator of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-P-Dioxin Exposure

    An Argument for the Chicken Embryo as a Model for the Developmental Toxicological Effects of the Polyhalogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Phahs)

    Evaluating Gross Brain Asymmetry: A Potential Biomarker for 2,3,7,8 Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin-Related Neurotoxicity

    Development and Characterization of a Nonprimate Animal Model of Methanol-Induced Neurotoxicity

    Mysid (Mysidopsis Bahia) Life-Cycle Test: Design Comparisons and Assessment

    Responses of the Estuarine Plant Scirpus Olneyi to two Herbicides, Atrazine and Metolachlor

    Reducing the Effects of Total Ammonia in 10-Day Sediment Toxicity Tests with the Amphipod, Rhepoxynius Abronius

    A Rapid and Cost Effective Method for Field/Laboratory Extraction of Porewater from Whole Lake Sediment using Vacuum Extraction

    Use of Behavioral Avoidance Testing in Natural Resource Damage Assessment

    Behavioral Studies of Contaminant Effects on Aquatic Invertebrates: A Review of Russian Investigations

    Sublethal Exposure to Cadmium Interferes with Cover Seeking Behavior of Juvenile Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii (Girard)

    Quality Assurance Guidance for Laboratories Performing Aquatic Toxicity Tests

    A Review of Laboratory Toxicity Identification Procedures-Investigative and Applied Approaches

    PRÉCIS — A Probabilistic Risk Assessment System

    The Risk Implications of the Distribution of Chromium Forms in Environmental Media

    Development of a Mathematical Model for Design of Multiple-Well Soil Vapor Extraction Systems

    A Wavelet-Based Method to Analyze CPT Data for Geotechnical and Geo-Environmental Site Characterization

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E47

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1306-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5345-5

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2031-0